The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 86
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86 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
their huts and the fort which they had helped to build, cut down
the fruit trees in their villages, and drifted down the river in their
canoes to join the French at Mobile. Here their chief, Tamath-
le-Mingo, who had been "decorated as a great chief with a medal
bestowed by the King," sickened and died with these words on his
lips, "I have lived like a man, I am going to die like one." He
was buried with military honors by his friends, the French.5 The
Alabamas moved westward across the Mississippi, but they left their
name on the region and on the stream upon whose banks they had
lived so long.
A party of Alabamas consisting of forty men with their families
made their first new home, according to their own tradition, on
Bayou Bceuf, from which they later moved to a village in the
Opelousas district.16 A small village called Alabama was estab-
lished two miles above Manchac on the Mississippi, and another at
El Rapide on Red river, sixteen miles above Bayou Rapide. Those
who had settled here later went higher up the stream where they
raised a good crop of corn and hunted buffalo with the Caddoes.
The greater number of the Alabamas went farther westward and
settled a village on the Sabine."' This village and the village in
the Opelousas district became the chief settlements of the tribe.
In 1777, William Bartram, the traveller, put in to shore at Ala-
bama, the village above Manchac, and describes it as "delightfully
situated on several swelling green hills, gradually ascending from
the verge of the river."'" The Indians cultivated corn, raised hogs,
horses, and cattle, and the men acted as boatmen.19 They made
"Bossu, M., Nouveaux Voyages ans l'Amerique Septentrionale, Con-
tenant une Collection de Lettres writess sur les lieux, par l'Auteur, d son
Ami, M. Douin, Chevalier, Capitaine dans les Troupes du Roi, oidevant
son Camarade dans le Nowveau Monde, Amsterdam, 1777, 134, 139.
"Swanton, J. R., Myths and Tales of the Southwestern Indians, Bureau
of American Ethnology, Bulletin 88, 120; Report of John Sibley to General
H. Dearborn, April 5, 1805, in American State Papers, Indian Affairs,
'Ibid.; also Claiborne to Dearborn, November 5, 1808, in Rowland,
Dunbar, ed., Official Letter Books of W. G. C. Claiborne, 1801-16, Jackson,
"Bartram, William, Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia,
East and West Florida, the Cherokee Country, the Extensive Territories of
the Muscogulges or Creek Confederacy, and the Country of the Choctaws,
Containing an Account of the Soil and Natural Productions of those
Regions together with Observations on the Manners of the Indians, Dublin,
"Report of John Sibley in American State Papers, Indian Affairs, IV, 724.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/100/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.