The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 4
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
in defending him." With this they hastened to the tree where
Larios was hiding, seized their weapons, and prepared for the
attack. Strange to say, not one of the arrows that the Tobosos
now discharged at the Catzales came closer than within a few
feet of the friar's defenders. Seeing that the enemy had run out
of arrows and that their bows had become slack, the fearless
Catzales took the offensive with deadly effect. Over a hundred
Tobosos were killed, while the rest took to flight. Carefully
guarding their missionary, the five Catzales departed under cover
of night and reached their settlement. "So it was related to
Father Estevan Martinez," Mota Padilla concludes, "to whom he
[Larios] unfolded his soul and who learned it also from the
mouth of the victorious Indians and of some of the vanquished
who afterwards became Christians."8
For three years Father Larios labored successfully in this new
vineyard of Christ, greatly encouraged by the official approval
which the Minister Provincial gave the project and by the arrival
of other friars who were sent to assist him. These, according to
Mota Padilla, were Father Estevan Martinez and the two lay
brothers Juan Barrero and Manuel de la Cruz.9 Very probably it
was also during these years that Larios founded and named San
Ildefonso de la Paz, the settlement which was destined to figure
so prominently a few year later.10
The civil authorities in Mexico realized the importance of
securing northern Coahuila against the inroads of hostile tribes
by cementing friendly relations with the more peaceful Indians
and establishing them in organized settlements under the pro-
tection of Spain. That steps were finally taken to achieve this
purpose was again due in large measure to the energy of Father
Larios. This we gather from the testimony of Father Joseph
Pedruzo, Procurator General of the Province of Jalisco. Late
in the spring of 1673, at the bidding of his Superiors, Larios left
his Indian neophytes in the North and went to Parral. On his
way to Guadalajara, where he was to report to the Provincial, he
met a band of Indians, among whom were some who had been
8Mota Padilla, Conquista, pp. 376-377.
*Mota Padilla, Conquista, p. 376. Mota Padilla cites Manuel de la Cruz
as being a priest. As will be learned later, however, it is certain that at
this time Manuel was a lay brother.
1OSee below, note 15.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/12/: accessed January 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.