The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 5
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Forerunners of De Leon's Expedition to Texas
baptized by him in northern Coahuila. Learning from these that
all desired to become Christians and live in settlements and that
they were now bound for Guadalajara to ask for missionaries,
Larios selected twenty of the Indians and with them set out for
Guadalajara, telling the rest to return to their lands and there
await the arrival of missionaries. It was early in September,
1673, that Larios with the twenty Indians, twelve of whom were
Christians, reached Guadalajara and knocked at the door of the
Franciscan friary.11 From the official report of Father Alonso
Guerrero, who at this time was visiting the Jalisco Province in
the capacity of Commissary Visitor, we learn how cordially they
were welcomed by the friars and how the Indians by their friendly
and peaceful ways edified the citizens of Guadalajara. They
assured the guardian of the friary, Father Diego Fregoso, that
they had been sent by their captains to procure missionaries, that
many of their tribesmen had been baptized by Father Larios, and
that now they desired Father Larios and other Franciscans to
come and settle permanently in their country.12
During the next three months the twenty Indians were cared
for by the friars. The eight of their group who were not yet
Christians received regular instructions in the faith and were
solemnly baptized, prominent citizens of Guadalajara acting as
sponsors. At the same time, the civil authorities negotiated with
the Franciscans toward founding missions in the new frontier and
settling the tribes in organized towns. The Real Audiencia em-
powered the justicia mayor of Saltillo, Francisco de Elizondo, to
lead a detachment of soldiers to the Rio de las Sabinas, receive
the submission of the Indians to the Spanish crown, and in the
name of the government apportion the lands among them. With
the Bishop of Guadalajara they sanctioned the appointment,
made by the Franciscan Provincial, of Father Larios as superior
n"Tanto de los Auttos e informacion dada por la parte de la Santa
Provincia de Xalisco," MS.--Archivo San Francisco Grande, Biblioteca
Nacional, I, 34-58. University of Texas Library. All manuscript sources
used in the preparation of this paper have been consulted in the University
of Texas Library and will be designated hereafter as U. T. L.
12"Informe de los Autos que se hicieron para la mission de la Provincia
de Quahuila este afdo de 1673," MS.-Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 1-11.,
U. T. L. The account in this report differs in some particulars from
that of the Procurator General. For instance, it makes it appear that
the twenty Indians were all captains and that Larios did not accompany
them to Guadalajara.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/13/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.