The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 6
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6 Southwestern Historical Quarterly
of the new mission field and of Father Francisco Pefiasco de
Lozano and Brother Manuel de la Cruz as his assistants.13
On November 18, 1673, the three missionaries with the twenty
Christian Indians left Guadalajara and set out for Saltillo. Here
they learned that in the North various tribes had again risen in
rebellion and committed numerous depredations. In view of
this, even the Franciscans who resided in Saltillo supported the
alcalde mayor in his contention that for the present it would be
impossible and dangerous for the friars to enter the northern
regions. But the latter protested that God would protect them,
since their purpose was to save souls,14 a purpose which Larios
knew from experience the mind of the Indians was able to ap-
Taking leave of their confreres and friends in Saltillo, Larios
and his companions set out for the much-dreaded North. After
traveling sixty leagues they came to a rancheria where they were
welcomed by five hundred and forty-three Indians, as Larios care-
fully records, and by ten Indian captains of as many tribes who were
living farther north between the Rio de las Sabinas and the Rio
Grande. Scarcely had the missionaries begun to instruct the In-
dians of this rancheria, when they learned from the ten captains
that smallpox had broken out in their settlements farther north.
Without delay the friars hastened to the stricken people and on
January 23, 1674, they came to San Ildefonso, fourteen leagues
north of the Rio de las Sabinas and twenty leagues south of the
Rio Grande. Here they found numerous tribes, notably the
Boboles, Guyquechales, Tiltiqui, and Mayhuam. Led by their
chiefs, each of whom carried a Cross, more than five hundred
Indians came out to welcome the missionaries. Deeply touched,
the latter chanted the Te Deum Laudamus and followed the In-
dians to the settlements where to their consternation a dwelling
had already been erected for them. This, Larios tells us, was a
a hut covered with reeds and in front of it stood a Cross. Di-
1'"Tanto de la Real Provision, . . Comision del Rmo Obispo de este
obispado de la Nueva Galicia, y Patente de muy R. P. Provincial de la
orden de nuestro P. San Francisco en la Provincia de Xalisco," MS.-Arch.
San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 12-26, U. T. L.-Farther Martinez and Brother
Barrero, it seems, had previously returned to the Province.
""Investigacion sobre la ereccion de la Mision de Santiago por el P. Fr.
Damian Massanet, Afio de 1690," MS.--Manuscritos Historicos-Archivo
Biblioteca Publico del Estado Jalisco, I, pp. 681. 683, 689. U. T. L.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/14/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.