The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 8
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
cultivate the lands. Encouraged by the missionaries, the chiefs
agreed to Elizondo's proposals and selected for their habitat the
lands farther south, along the north bank of the Rio de las
Sabinas. Accordingly, Elizondo and his soldiers with Fathers
Larios and Pefiasco and the Indian chiefs proceeded to the Rio
de las Sabinas. Here, on February 1, 1674, Elizondo placed the
Indians in legal possession of lands northward to the settlement
of San Ildefonso and eastward as far as the mouth of the Rio
de las Sabinas. The site where the prescribed ceremonies were
enacted was named Santa Rosa de Santa Maria. Here, too, the
friars decided to establish their headquarters. Before departing
for Saltillo, Elizondo exhorted the Indians to obey the mission-
aries who would henceforth reside in their midst and to live in
peace among themselves and with the Spaniards."1
After the departure of Elizondo and the soldiers, whose arrival
had disquieted the Indians,"8 Larios and Pefiasco returned to San
Ildefonso. Here they assembled all the Indians who were able
to travel and conducted them to Santa Rosa. Then, on Febru-
ary 9, both friars set out for Saltillo. From here Pefiasco con-
tinued the journey to Guadalajara, bearing the official reports of
the recent proceedings to the Commissary General. Larios, how-
ever, remained at Saltillo to solicit material aid for the new mis-
sion, making a special appeal to Francisco Barbarigo, the govern-
ment protector of the Indians who had settled in the vicinity of
Saltillo. Barbarigo, an ardent supporter of the northern project,
eventually accompanied Larios to Santa Rosa where he took per-
sonal charge of the material affairs of the mission. "In every
way and with great generosity and charity," Larios writes, "he
has aided us and the Indians. He is now going with me [to
Santa Rosa] in order to direct the sowing of the fanegas of corn
which he has given us for this purpose and to decide on the form
of the church and of the town. He does this with a love which
would make him a very zealous religious.""
""Autos . . . de la entrada que hizo el Capitan Francisco de Eli-
zondo la tierra adentro," MS.-Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 63-78,
U. T. L.
"This we learn from the two eyewitnesses, previously cited, Rodrigo
Morales and Ger6nimo Juan Ramos. See above, Note 16, for references.
"Juan Larios to the Commissary General, Saltillo, February 26, 1674.
MS.-Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 82-85, U. T. L. See also Fray
Francisco Basan to the Commissary General, Saltillo, July 19, 1674. MS.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/16/: accessed July 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.