The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 9
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Forerunners of De Leon's E~opedition to Texas
Meanwhile, at Santa Rosa, Brother Manuel was alone with the
Indians. In his letter to the Commissary General he informs us
that seven hundred Indians were assembled at the new mission
and that of these five hundred and twelve belonged to the tribe
known as the Guyquechales. Because the epidemic of smallpox
was still affecting their people, the Indian captains asked per-
mission to settle temporarily farther inland, promising to return
to Santa Rosa at the half-moon of March. Manuel granted them
the permission and with the Obayos and some of the Boboles went
to a place five leagues south of the Rio de las Sabinas. We
can easily imagine the dismay of Father Larios when on March
20, accompanied by Francisco Barbarigo, he returned from Sal-
tillo and learned from Brother Manuel what had happened.
Knowing the fickle nature of the Indians and realizing that the
time for their return had already elapsed, Larios justly feared
they would not keep their promise. Accordingly, he sent Brother
Manuel in search of the Boboles. After six days, having found
these Indians in an arroyo some twelve leagues distant, Manuel
returned with them to Santa Rosa where Barbarigo had mean-
while begun the erection of a chapel and other necessary build-
Gladly would the zealous Brother have joined Barbarigo in this
work. But another duty, far more arduous and perilous, awaited
him. "When I arrived with them" [the Boboles], he writes, "he
[Father Larios] asked me whether I was resolved to go in search
of the Guyquechale Indians, of whom we had information that
they were on the other side of the Rio del Norte [Rio Grande].
I told him that, if he commanded me under obedience, I would
in no manner refuse. So in obedience he imposed this upon me
and the next day, after receiving the Sacraments,21 I left with-
-Ibidem, I, 129-134; and Peticion presentada a Francisco Barbarigo por
Fray Juan Larios, San Esteban de la Nueva Tlascala, February 26, 1674.
MS.-Ibidem, I, 88-110.
2Brother Manuel de la Cruz to the Commissary General, Saltillo, May
29, 1674. MS.-Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 118-125, U. T. L.-Unfor-
tunately, Manuel does not say expressly that he returned to Santa Rosa
after finding the Boboles. There are indications, however, that it was
Santa Rosa and not San Ildefonso. See below, note 23.
1It should be recalled that Manuel was not a priest and hence had not
the faculty to celebrate Holy Mass. He could, however, receive the sacra-
ments of Penance and Holy Communion.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/17/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.