The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 13
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Forerunners of De Leon's Expedition to Texas
what today constitutes Maverick, Kinney, and Valverde counties,
in Texas. They crossed the river at two forks and over a wide
ford, in the middle of which was an island of sand. Two days
later, pursuing a southerly course, they came to a creek where
they met the Pinanca and the Tiltiquemayo Indians, numbering
one hundred and sixty-six persons. Taking these with them, they
traveled eight days and reached the Nueces River, in Mexico.
This they crossed and on the following day came to a meadow
which lay between two hills and through which flowed a spring.
Here they met eight-two Indians of the Babosarigame tribe, who
welcomed the visitors and gladly joined them on their way to
Santa Rosa. Manuel's company now numbered eight hundred
and twenty-one Indians. Finally they came to a creek which was
only ten leagues from Santa Rosa. Here Manuel permitted the
Indians to rest for three days, he himself continuing the journey
alone. "Arriving at the pueblo," he writes, "I found my dear
companion, Father Juan Larios, and with him Captain Francisco
Barbarigo. They were finishing the adobe church and its sacristy
which with the hut for our habitation we completed the day after
my arrival." It was May 2, 1674, when Manuel reached Santa
Rosa.28 About six weeks had elapsed since his departure, and of
these he had spent three weeks on Texas soil.
It will be remembered that on February 9 Father Francisco
Pefiasco de Lozano accompanied Father Larios to Saltillo. From
there he went to Guadalajara in order to present the official re-
ports to the Commissary General of the Franciscans.29 Brother
Manuel reached Santa Rosa on May 2 and on the following day
Father Pefiasco arrived. Two months later, on July 7, while still
at Santa Rosa, he addressed to the Commissary General the valu-
able letter in which he relates, incidentally, the journey he made
across the Rio Grande into Texas.30 Not being a diary, the let-
ter unfortunately does not indicate the time consumed, the dis-
28Manuel says he reached Santa Rosa one day before the arrival of
Father Pefiasco. From Basan's letter we gather that Pefasco arrived
there on May 3.
"Juan Larios to the Commissary General, Saltillo, March 2, 1674. MS.-
Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 111-113. U. T. L.
"sFrancisco Pefiasco de Lozano to the Commissary General, Santa Rosa
de Maria y Valle de la Concepcion, July 7, 1674. MS.--Arch. San Fr. Gr.,
Bib. Nac., I, 126-128. U. T. L. From this letter we gather the details of
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/21/: accessed December 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.