The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 14
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
tances covered, the direction taken, and the places visited on this
journey. All we know for certain is that Pefiasco departed from
Santa Rosa on May 8 and was back by July 7, that he crossed
the Rio Grande and entered Texas, that he treated with and won
over the Indians, and that some of these Indians belonged to the
One of the Indian tribes who, like the Boboles and Guyque-
chales, had failed to return to Santa Rosa at the stipulated time
were the Manosprietas. Perhaps it was the success of Brother
Manuel, who had just returned with more than eight hundred
Indians, that prompted Father Pefiasco to go in search of the
Manosprietas. After telling the Commissary General how the
missionaries were compelled to visit the Indians in the mountains
and how they had "to go after them fifty and seventy leagues,
suffering countless hardships," Pefiasco continues: "Having ar-
rived at this settlement,31 I set out from there on the 8th of
May in search of a tribe called the Manosprietas. I found them
four leagues on the other bank of the Rio del Norte [Rio Grande]
and distant from the settlement about fifty leagues."82 The
Manosprietas welcomed him, regaled him with buffalo meat, and
promised to set out for Santa Rosa in eight days. They also
told him of another tribe, the Giorna, who lived eight leagues
farther on. To these Pefiasco sent Indian envoys, who should
invite the Giorna to come and see him. "They told the envoys,"
he relates, "that they did not wish to go anywhere, because they
were well off in this country, where food and necessary sustenance
were not lacking to them." But the friar was not to be put off
so easily. He sent another envoy, instructing him to assure the
Giorna that it was not his purpose to take them from their country,
but only to free them from their errors and to tell them about
the true God. If what he said should please them, they could
accept it. They would not be forced, however; nor would anyone
molest them. "To the second envoy they listened with greater
concern," Pefiasco writes. "Handing over to him [the envoy] a
81i. e., Santa Rosa, where he wrote the letter.
82Accordingly, he covered forty-six leagues before reaching the Rio
Grande. The fact, gathered from another source (see note 34), that he
brought Tejas Indians back with him, seems to show that after leaving
Santa Rosa he followed a more easterly route and penetrated into eastern
Texas, the home of the Tejas.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/22/: accessed July 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.