The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 17
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Forerunners of De Leon's Expedition to Texas
cient supplies, there is no occasion to help them often. Only
when they sent for it with two mules, were two loads of wheat
and ground corn and a string of sausage brought to them. This
is all the luxury they possess. . . . At present they have
prickly pears in abundance. This will last till November. But
after that there will be no more. If they have snow and the
weather is very cold, it will be fish without end. But one can
not eat fried fish every day. We have seen and caught some
delicious fish; they are large and palatable. If elsewhere they
are good because fire, fat, and spices are available, there they
are prepared merely on live coals. The number of people is
large and they live in small groups. In the settlement alone,
within a radius of two and three and four leagues, there are more
than three thousand persons.""5 And yet, despite hardships, and
privations, the friars would make merry over their lot. With a
fine touch of humor Father Pefiasco says of Brother Basan and
the effects of his two months' sojourn at Santa Rosa: "He ar-
rived very stout, but he left wearing, as could be seen, much more
clothes than is permitted us. As to clothes," he adds in the same
strain, "I judge we shall soon be wearing buffalo and deer skins.
But all this is as welcome to us as the roses in June."36
What made the lot of Larios and his companions doubly hard
was the seeming indifference on the part of those who by virtue
of their office controlled the means that would lighten the labors
and further the cause of the missionaries. The letters of Brothers
Manuel and Basan reveal in unmistakable terms that the journey
of Father Pefiasco to Guadalajara had been in vain. "On the
same day," writes Manuel, "Father Francisco Pefiasco arrived
[at Santa Rosa], in whom and with whom we were expecting
Your Reverence would favor us in some way as our father and
shepherd. But he returned disconsolate; wherefore . . . I
had to depart for Saltillo in order to seek aid."37 Under date
of May 28, 1674, Basan warned the Commissary General against
accepting the information given him by those who did not know
86Franciseo Basan to the Commissary General, Saltillo, July 19, 1674.
MS.-Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 129-134. U. T. L.
86Francisco Pefiasco to the Commissary General, Santa Rosa de Maria y
Valley de la Concepcion, July 7, 1674. MS.--Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib.
Nac., I, 126-128. U. T. L.
87Manuel de la Cruz to the Commissary General, Saltillo, May 29, 1674.
MS.-Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 118-125. U. T. L.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/25/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.