The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 231
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Book Reviews and Notices
records here can recognize the vague outline of events. The out-
line is accurate enough, but there is almost a complete absence
of detail, and some obvious errors. Barry was wounded at Mon-
terrey, and returned home. His experience in the Mexican War
was limited to this one battle, and the length of his service was
little more than one enlistment of three months.
His most distinguished military service was rendered between
1855 and 1865. Here the record becomes much clearer, details
are given with apparent accuracy, and the narrative is often sup-
ported by letters and documents. Necessarily the story is episodi-
cal, conforming to the events themselves. There is a good ac-
count of the increasing Indian troubles from 1856 or 1857 until
the Civil War. At that time there was no well-established or-
ganization of Texas Rangers in the state. Companies were
raised for three or six months or more rarely for one year, with
the expectation that they would be recognized and paid by the
federal government. The federal government was loath to accept
these volunteers, favoring the regular force. The result was fric-
tion and bickering and a very irregular and intermittent state
service. Communities on the exposed frontier raised companies
of minute men who went out after Indians, but in all cases the
organization was a temporary expedient. It took the shock of
reconstruction to make Texas realize that it could not depend on
the federal government for protection satisfactory to the Texans.
It was not until 1874 that a permanent Ranger force paid by the
state and kept in the field all the time was authorized. Barry is
not concerned with these facts.
Barry saw much service in this pre-Civil War period. He gives
an excellent account of the Reservation War which resulted in
the driving of nearly all reserve Indians from the state. His
account is that of a man in sympathy with the citizens. He
helped to trail horse thieves, and assisted in suspending the ac-
tivities of two of them through Judge Hemp's court.
During the Civil War Barry was kept continuously in the
frontier service. As he expressed it, he spent almost the entire
period of the war in the Confederate service, yet the only
"Yankees" he saw were some prisoners who were transferred to
Texas because they could be fed cheaply there on buffalo meat
and other game. He was fighting Indians. His story of the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/251/: accessed May 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.