The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 18
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
what they were talking about, adding rather caustically that it
was one thing to see the conditions in northern Coahuila and an-
other to talk about them. Some six weeks later, on July 19,
Basan writes that the Commissary General would not even listen
to Pefiasco's request for assistance.38 On the other hand, it
should be noted that under date of March 12, 1674, as we learn
from Larios himself, the Commissary General promised him ad-
ditional missionaries, although it does not seem that Fathers
Estevan Martinez and Dionisio de San Buenaventura, apparently
the two appointees, came to Santa Rosa before the following
August, shortly after the mission had been robbed and ruined."
This indifference and inactivity of the Franciscan Superiors was
in large measure due to the controversy that occupied the attention
of the civil authorities concerning the form of government to be
organized in Coahuila. Until this controversy was definitely set-
tled and government aid thereby assured, the Franciscan authori-
ties naturally withheld the generous and whole-hearted support
they would have otherwise accorded the Coahuila project. On May
15, 1674, the Real Audiencia at Guadalajara definitely appointed
Antonio de Balcarcel alcalde mayor of the Province of Coahuila
for a period of five years, during which time according to the
contract Balcarcel was to explore and colonize the province at his
own expense. There were those, however, who strenuously opposed
the appointment and project of Balcarcel, declaring it would
develop into another case of exploitation and thus prove detri-
mental to the pacification of the Indians. Most prominent among
these opponents, even after the official appointment of Balcarcel,
were Francisco de Elizondo and Agustin de Echevers, both public
officials in Saltillo.40
Meanwhile the Indians of northern Coahuila had again become
unruly and in July, during the temporary absence of the mission-
aries, had robbed the sacristy at Santa Rosa and burned most of
the mission buildings. Evidently, to prevent this local disturbance
"Francisco Basan to the Commissary General, Saltillo, May 28, 1674;
same to same, Saltillo, July 19, 1674. MSS.-Arch San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac.,
I, 114-117, 129-134. U. T. L.
"'Juan Larios to the Minister Provincial, San Joss de Parral, September
15, 1674; Dionisio de San Buenaventura to the Commissary General,
Saltillo, October 31, 1674. MSS.-Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 135-
140, 141-142. U. T. L.
"Estevan Portillo, Apuntes, pp. 45-53.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/26/: accessed May 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.