The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 20
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Southwestern Hfistorical Quarterly
Guadalupe]. Informing the Commissary General of this plan,
Larios says that he would take another friar with him and would
send a third friar45 to the Catujanes. The purpose he had in mind
was "to see the Casique Don Estevan who was there with all his
people [notably the Guyquechales] and who told me that he would
wait there for me." In this way Larios expected "also to prepare
the way for the entry of the alcalde mayor," who was to undertake
an expedition northward "to see and explore the land and to count
the Indians."'4 It is not known whether the missionaries made
these advance journeys.47 However, if Balcarcel, who seems not to
have been in a hurry to penetrate farther north and eventually
entrusted the enterprise to his lieutenant, set his face against these
advance movements of the missionaries, we can understand why
Larios begins his letter of January 15, 1675, with the statement that
"with the entry of the Alcalde Mayor, Don Antonio Balcrcel, in
the Province of Coahuila our hardships and persecutions have in-
creased.""4 This apparent indifference of Balcarcel in a matter
that mainly interested the friars may have been one of the causes
of misunderstanding between them. In view of what occurred
earlier and elsewhere in Mexico, Larios would have been justified
in suspecting that Balcarcel's chief aim was the material exploita-
tion of Coahuila with a minimum of attention to the spiritual phase
of the conquest. On the other hand, it should be remembered
that, as Larios himself admitted, the military force under Bal-
carcel's command was not sufficient for extensive activities in a
land where formidable Indian tribes infested the forests and moun-
tain passes. Until he was reasonably certain that the majority of
these tribes were willing to live in peace with the Spaniards,
Balcarcel was justified in limiting his activities to the new town
of Guadalupe and its vicinity.
It was not until April, 1675, shortly after founding the Indian
town of San Miguel de Luna, that Balcarcel fitted out the expedi-
tion which for the third time within a twelvemonth brought the
"'This third friar was undoubtedly Brother Manuel who with Father
Dionisio de San Buenaventura had already been active among the Catujanes.
"Juan Larios to the Commissary General, Guadalupe, December 30,
1674. MS.-Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 141-149. U. T. L.
"Possibly, Brother Manuel went to the Catujanes, as planned, and for
this reason did not accompany Bosque on the expedition four months later.
"Juan Larios to the Commissary General, Patos, January 15, 1675.
MS.-Arch. San Fr. Gr., Bib. Nac., I, 150-151. U. T. L.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/28/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.