The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 24
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Mass; and at a signal made with a small bell the people came to
hear it." Larios himself celebrated the August Mysteries." After
Holy Mass the Indians approached the missionaries and asked to
be baptized. Larios explained to them, however, "that he could
not baptize them until they knew their prayers" ;6o but "to console
them he baptized fifty-five infants,61 the Spaniards acting as their
godfathers." It would be interesting to know for certain where
these ceremonies of Holy Mass and Baptism were enacted. All
that can be gleaned from the record, however, is a probability that
they took place some six leagues or about a day's travel east of Del
Rio, either in Kinney or in Valverde counties. It does not
seem that up till now the expedition had left the Rio Grande to
any considerable distance. They were heading for the Dacate
mountains which, as previously noted,62 we take to have very
probably been the hills along what is known today as Devils River.
For obvious reasons also the following incident is worth record-
ing. At San Isidro a Guyquechale Indian came and presented
Bosque with a Spanish boy about twelve years old. He had "a
black streak on his face running from the forehead to the nose,
and two on the cheeks, one on each, like o's, and many rows of them
on the left arm and one on the right." From the Indian it was
learned that this boy had been captured near Parral, in Mexico,
with two other Spanish children, a boy and a girl. The three were
carried off to Texas, where this boy was given to the Cabesas
Indians who, "although they loved him like a brother," were now
eager to return him to the Spaniards "as a sign of friendship."
constitute the entire table or mense of the altar, the rubrics require that it
be large enough to hold during Mass the Sacred Species of bread and wine,
for which reason it is placed in the center of the table. This stone slab
with its relics is to remind the faithful of the fact that in the beginning
of Christianity and during the first centuries of bloody persecutions Holy
Mass was celebrated in the catacombs and on the tombs of the martyrs.
"As far as I know, this is the earliest record of Holy Mass having been
celebrated within what is today the State of Texas.
"That is, until they were sufficiently instructed in the tenets of Chris-
tianity and understood what obligations they contracted by Baptism.
"6The Catholic Church does not allow adults to be baptized without
previous instruction in Catholic doctrine and discipline. It is different,
however, with infants where the parents are Catholics and give assurance
that the children will receive a Catholic education. Only in danger of
death may Baptism be conferred without previous instruction on adults,
though even in this case they must have in some way previously expressed
a desire for Baptism.
"See above, note 24.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/32/: accessed May 28, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.