The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 31
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Lorenzo De Zavala in Texas
home state in the congress called to meet at Mexico City. In
March, 1822, he began his career as legislator and for ten years
he held a place in Mexican legislative circles unequalled by any
other Mexican legislator either in regard to the eneregy of his
activity or the continuousness of his attendance."
It is interesting to note that it fell to Zavala's lot, while serving
as member of the Chamber of Deputies, to be President of that
body on October 5, 1824, when the Federal Constitution was
finally passed. It was he who first signed and declared allegiance
to that memorable document."
Throughout the period of his legislative activity the growing
influence of his liberal ideals is evident. In the discussions of the
various articles of the Constitution of 1824, Zavala had shown his
strong liberal and federal leanings. Nevertheless, with the summer
of 1825 and a close acquaintanceship with the American Am-
bassador, Joel R. Poinsett, his liberal views became more apparent
than ever, and at the same time his admiration for the institutions
of the United States increased to such an extent that it alarmed
those associated with him in governmental circles. In spite of
this, however, the Federalists succeeded in electing him Governor
of the State of Mexico in March, 1827.'
But stormy times were ahead. With the second presidential
election in the offing, the Centralists made special efforts to gain
supremacy, and not always did they confine themselves to the use of
legitimate methods. Their candidate, Gomez Pedraza, was in con-
trol of the army as Minister of War under President Victoria, and,
as has been true many times since in Mexico, he did not hesitate
to use that instrumentality for his own purpose. A persecution
of the Federalists began. Zavala was forced to flee from Tlalpam,
the seat of the state government, to avoid capture. For more
than a month he took refuge in the hills. He then entered Mexico
City and cooperated with General Josh Maria Lobato in directing
the "Revoluci6n de la Acordada" which culminated in the defeat
of the government troops, the flight of the Centralist candidate
for the presidency to New Orleans, and his displacement as Min-
ister of War by the Federalist candidate, Guerrero. No doubt, due
5Matdos, Historia Parlamentaria, Volumes I, II and III.
Matdos, Historia Parlamentaria, II, 909.
'Tornel, Reseia Histrica, 114; Zavala, Ensayo Hist6rico, II, 12.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/39/: accessed March 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.