The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 33
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Lorenzo De Zavala in Texas 33
But here again political developments prevented his fulfilling
his term. By the summer of 1834 Santa Anna had definitely
shown that he had no intention to continue to observe the Constitu-
tion of 1824. He had, in effect, made himself dictator, and was
not cooperating with the Centralists in trying to destroy the au-
thority of that liberal document. Zavala, always an idealist and a
strong advocate of democracy, determnied to resign rather than
lend his support to the administration. This determination he
communicated to the Mexican authorities in a letter of August
He remained in Paris, however, until April, 1835, when he left
for America, reaching his destination, Texas, in the following
July.'1 Such, briefly, was Zavala's career before he cast his lot
Let us take a rapid glance at conditions in Texas at this time.
Upon Zavala's arrival, public opinion was in an unsettled state.
The expulsion of the Mexican garrison at Anahuac by a group of
settlers had aroused varied criticism and strong condemnation from
many. Stephen F. Austin, on whose judgment the majority of the
Texans relied for leadership, was still in Mexico and his counsel
was being awaited. Pending the return of Austin, Zavala, always
a man of action and restless by nature, busied himself in visiting
the different settlements and meeting the Texans at first hand. He
immediately expressed his sympathy with them and took up their
cause against Santa Anna. At Harrisburg he made an address
against Santa Anna's program of centralization.17 Soon after, on
July 15, we find him collaborating openly and actively with
William H. Wharton and others in Brazoria.18 Here the feeling
for Texas Independence had become outspoken and Zavala's identi-
fying himself with this group doubtless had an important effect
on the molding of public opinion.
land, "General John Thomson Mason," in Texas Historical Association
Quarterly, XI, 13-15.
"Zavala to Santa Anna, August 30, 1834; Zavala to Francisco Lombardo,
August 30, 1834. Lamar Papers, I, 167 et sequens, reproductions made by
16Stephen F. Austin to T. F. McKinney, Austin Papers, III, 285.
"See Southwestern tHistorical Quarterly, XVIII, 276.
"Vicente Filisola, Menorias para la Historia de la Guerra de Tejas,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/41/: accessed April 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.