The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 37
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Lorenzo De Zavala in Texas
he was also placed on the committee which drew up the plan for the
At this time, too, Zavala was being considered to lead a counter-
expedition to Matamoros. This, however, was finally placed under
the command of Colonel James Bowie, due to the opposition on the
part of Governor Smith to anyone of Mexican birth.28
During the last of the year 1835 and the first of 1836, the
opinion of the people of Texas turned definitely toward a desire for
independence. Up to this time, the restoration of the Constitution
of 1824 had been the goal acclaimed, and this had been the end
stated in the Declaration of November, 1835; but the radicals by
the end of February, 1836, had spread the desire for independence
so that they were in the majority when the Convention met in
Washington on the Brazos, on February 28, 1836.
Zavala was again chosen to represent Harrisburg. Here also his
old zeal reappeared. Upon the Convention's determination to de-
clare for independence on March 1, he was appointed on the com-
mittee for drawing up the Texas constitution under such a declara-
tion; and was made chairman of the sub-committee whose particular
duty it was to attend to that part of the constitution concerning
the executive branch of the new government. Zavala was also
placed on the committee for the organization of "the physical force
of the country for its defense against its enemies" as well as on the
committee to decide on a flag for the Republic, and one for naval
By the constitution of the Republic, which was finally approved
and adopted on March 15, 1836, the term of office of the first Presi-
dent was to begin with the following November. This necessitated
the organization of a provisional government. In the words of
William F. Gray,
An election was held forthwith. David G. Burnet and Samuel P.
Carson were nominated for President. Burnet was elected by a
majority of seven. Lorenzo de Zavala was then nominated for
"TSee "Journals of the Consultation," in Gammel, Laws of Texas, I,
28Philip Dimit to Governor Smith, quoted in Wortham, History of Texas,
2For Zavala's activity in the Convention, see Gray, From Virginia to
Texas, 1885; pp. 120, 122: Gammel, Laws of Texas, I, 823; Looscan,
"Harris County, 1822-1845," outhwestern Historical Quarterly, XVIII,
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/45/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.