The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 43
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The First Texas Newspaper
"The river Brassos takes its source in Cogquilla, in lat 34, enters
Texas, and discharges itself into the Gulf of Mexico, in lat. 28d.
40m after a course o[f] 750 miles. It is the largest river in
Texas-300 yards in width, and navigable for large keels. From
the appearance on its banks, it must rise and fall 100 feet; its
banks well timbered, and a rich prolific soil.
"The river Trinity takes its source in lat. 34, and discharges itself
into Galveston bay, in lat. 29 deg. 30 m. - by its meanders it is
about 300 miles in length. Banks high and covered with timber-
rich luxuriant soil.
"The rivers Natchez and Angelina are small streams, and after
forming a junction, they enter the Toyac.
"The Toyac is a small stream which discharges itself into the
Gulf of Mexico, at the same bay with the Sabine, in lat. 29 deg.
"The Sabine river takes its source in lat. 33, and enters the Gulf
of Mexico in lat. 29 deg. 50 m. - about 300 miles in length and
50 yards wide - very deep, and its banks frequently overflow. It
is navigable for boats of considerable size nearly all the year. The
Sabine river, is the boundary between the U. States and the Re-
public of Texas.
"Near the head of the river Guadalupe, and some of the branches
of Red river, there are a few small lakes.
"The country is well timbered, but is interspersed with some small
prairies; and, take it generally, is rich, prolific, and possessing the
most delightful temperature o [f] air and climate in North America.
The water is pure and clear, and the country throughout very well
"Animals - Buffalo, deer, bear, elk, wild hogs, wild goats, cattle,
wild horses, wild mules and asses. Some of the deer are perfectly
white, and some are red and white, like our cattle.
"The method pursued by the Spaniards i[n] catching the wild
horses is as follows: They take a few fleet horses and proceed
into the country where the wild horses are numerous. They then
build a large strong enclosure, with a door which enters a smaller
enclosure, from the entrance of the large pen they project wings
out into the prairie a great distance, and then set up bushes, &c, to
induce the horses, when pursued, to enter into these wings. After
these preparations are made they keep a look out for a small drove,
for, if they unfortunately should start too large a one, they either
burst open the pen or fill it up with dead bodies, and the others run
over them and escape; in which case the party are obliged to leave
the place, as the stench arising from the putrid carcases would be
insupportable; and, in addition to this, the pen would not receive
others. Should they, however, succeed in driving a few, say two or
three hundred, they select the handsomest and youngest, noose
them, and take them into the small enclosure, then turn [o]ut the
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/51/: accessed April 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.