The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 49
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A Log of the Texas-California Cattle Trail, 1854
fangs. This animal resembles the Gwiano of Central Mexico; it is
about fourteen inches long; I suppose it uses in water and on
27 Wednesday. Pleasant night, slight wind blowing from due
East that had a touch of snow coldness. To-day opens clear and
Left camp at half past Three o'clock, travelled until nine, making
about seven miles, to camp without water. The road is very dusty,
the country is a semi-desert, small paches of grass growing here
and there. It is thinly covered with mezquite and a kind of bal-
samic Cedar Trees. During a heavy rain this half-desert is cov-
ered with water and runs into the Gila.
28 Thursday. Weather is still good for travelling, left camp
at day light. Country same, after waiting an hour and a half for
the carts to come up and exchange oxen - at this place we found
the Gila Lagoons - and without getting enough water, went on to
the Gila river, found Lagoons all along the road and after travelling
about three miles found enough to induce us to camp for the night.
Went to bed supperless, being unwell, from drinking so much
mud and water.
29 Friday. Clear. Slight breeze blowing from the east. Near
our camp there is half a dozen Pemos huts; after breakfast several
of us went to see them, found four women at home, the men are
absent at some large villages further on, probably at work; two of
the women seem to be about 18 years old, the others much older.
The young ones were enciente and seemed to have a good deal of
modesty, for they endeavoured to hide it by wrapping a blanket
around their body. This blanket is entirely white, thickly woven,
is probably their own handy work, and usually fastens around the
waist, reaching to the knees. These women are large, well formed
and healthy; the two young ones were moderately good looking.
One had a very sweet laugh which any city belle would be proud
Their food is the Mezquite Bean; prepared by pounding in a
mortar made in the earth, and with a Woden pestle. The pod
alone is made into meal, the bean being too hard and not easily
broken. When sufficiently beaten it looks something like cob meal.
This is put into a water tight basket, water poured on, several times,
"Evidently this was a Gila monster.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/57/: accessed September 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.