The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 50
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
before it is fit for bread - the liquor is like new metheglin and
used as a drink. The pulp is then taken in the hand and pressed
untill the water is all out, put into a small round bottomed vessel,
again p [r]essed down and allowed to remain to harden. Now it is
ready to eat. It has a honey sweet taste; and would be palatable
but for their dirty manner of making it.
One of the women pressed out some juice with her di[r]ty hand,
then offered it to us to drink. I drank some through curiosity,
but my stomach like to have revolted at it.
Sandals in place of shoes, are worn. Their hair is of Raven
blackness, coarse, long, and falls from the crown entirely over the
head, with the exception of a space the width of the forehead, which
is cut off even with the eyebrows.
The Huts are made of brush with a little dirt thrown on the top,
ground floor, without mats; the only utensils, or in fact everything
in the way of furniture they were posesed of, is the basket and
burnt clay bowls. They are an inoffensive race. I showed them
my large six shooter which made them turn away with fear and
could not be induced to handle it.
October Rd We have been on the Rio -Gila since the 30th of
last month. This is a rapid river, with a good deal of sand floating
in it. The water is very good and cool, particularly after we have
been drinking out of mud puddles for five or six days past.
We are now encamped off the river several miles, and at the
commencement of a Jornado of forty miles.
The Pemos villages extend along the banks of this stream for
twelve or fifteen miles; at the first one we found eight Americans
from California who are prospecting for gold. They report suc-
cess twenty-five miles up the Gila, but for want of water cannot
The Chief of this tribe or rather the two tribes - Coco Mari-
sopas and Pemos - informed us that the Apaches had sent word
that as soon as their Crops - (the Pemos) were harvested that
they would be down to fight with them. The Pemos can muster
about two thousand warriors, of as fine looking men as any southern
tribe; the women are a beautifully formed race with the exception
of the face which is tolerably ugly.
Some of these Indians all the sexes and ages came into camp
with their heads thickly covered with mud. The soil here has a
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/58/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.