The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 53
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A Log of the Texas-California Cattle Trail, 1854
Two families from California were at the river, their destination
is Teuson, or the valley of the Santa Cruz. They gave us some late
news of the ratification of the Treaty, also of the trains ahead.
They report an immense emmigration to this section of country
from California; being out of provisions, we sold them some, and
come on our way, rejoicing at the prospect ahead.
9th Left camp to-day at dawn to take advantage of the cool
of the day.
Country same as yesterday; two steep hills to cross. Crossed the
Gila three or four times.
At noon while trying to get a nap of sleep, the horse flies anoyed
me excedingly. Horse flys is not the proper name in this country,
for thay prefered man flesh to horse flesh.
Now encamped on good grass, without water; I supose we came
twelve miles today; found numerous peicies of wagons scattered
along the road.
10th Left camp early, came into the river about two o'clock,
grass scarce along the road, near night found plenty, but without
water. Made about seventeen miles to-day.
11th Wednesday. Clear and fine weather. In two miles from
last camp, found water in gullies sufficient for the animals, river
one and a half miles off. Grass good and abundant on the hills.
12th Encamped last night where the hills almost come into the
river; we stopped without both water and grass; moved on two
miles, found water in bayous from the river, rather brakish;
th[r]ough another fault we crossed the bayou instead of crossing
the hills to the left. After going about one mile and a half on the
high lands we had to stop. the cattle to graze where there was no
grass. This is a fact ! the ground is sand and pebbles with a small
growth of cedar on it, as for grass, two oxen could devour all the
grass on a acre.
Made ten miles and found first rate Gramma grass, no water.
On the road, saw a Cactus, twenty feet high, with a hub band
around it, one foot from the top, this must have been put on several
The mountain scenery to-day - the outline, is unsurpassed by
any on the rout, some that seem to be forty miles distant, present
a succession of domes, spires and cupolas.
Here’s what’s next.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/61/: accessed January 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.