The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 55
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A Log of the Texas-California Cattle Trail, 1854
In camp all day waiting for Erskine to cross the Rio.
Had a bath in a Lagoon on the Gila about one mile distant.
I am doged tired of this trip, it seems the nearer I get to the
end, the more I dislike it, one trip does for a lifetime.
18th Wednesday, opens very warm.
21 About fifteen miles brought us to the ferry or within a few
miles where we encamped until next morning. Fort Yuma, which
derives its name from the Yuma Indians, is situated near the
junction of the Gila and Colorado rivers on a high bluff of rock,
and presents quite a respectable appearance.41
Left camp early, commenced crossing about nine o'clock, got
through about dark, encamped on the bank all night.
For crossing the entire train it cost about $850.00, one day's
work; we made an effort to swim about one hundred head by using
a decoy ox, but did not succeed.
This river has a changable bed, the banks are continually wash-
ing, being of sand, it is now falling rapidly. A small Steamer
which is owned by the government plies between the fort and
mouth; distance 150 miles, and makes the going and return trip
about every fifteen days.
This stream will never be of any great importance in a com-
mercial point of view, it is not over three hundred yards wide, and
when at low water must be quite an insignificant one.
One of our men while taking a decoy ox to the bar had like to
have been drowned, he hallowed for the boat; by some exertion it
was taken to him just in time to save him.
The men of the Yuma tribe are remarkable for statue. I have
not seen one who was [less] than six feet high.
The men dress as other tribes do, a waist band; a piece of cotton
cloth, drawn from the navel down, th[r]ough the crotch and again
through the waist band on the back. Nearly all wear ornaments
in the nose, on the wrist, ankle and neck. The clothing they man-
age to get hold of, is almost indescribeable and runs from a common
cotton long shirt to a military coat. I noticed one Indian, who
seemed particularly proud of his coat, and had endeavored to make
"Fort Yuma was established on the west bank of the Colorado, opposite
the mouth of the Gila, November 27, 1850. Thomas H. S. Hamersly,
Complete Regular Army Register of the United tates for One Hundred
Years, II, 162.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/63/: accessed April 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.