The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933 Page: 85
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The Alabama Indians of Texas
after burning the huts of the Mobilians above Fort Louis, put
back to their homeland.1'
The English were victors in the War of the Spanish Succession,
nevertheless their influence among the Southern Indians steadily
declined after its close, a situation due no doubt to the disastrous
Yamassee and Tuscarora wars, which do not concern us here.
In 1714, the chief of the Alabamas and other chiefs of the tribes
near Carolina went to Mobile and proposed that the French erect
a fort among them. The opportunity was not to be lost. The
site chosen was a strategic one on a bold bluff of the Coosa, a mile
from the Alabama village, and the Alabamas aided in its building.
Fort Toulouse it was called in honor of the Count of Toulouse, then
director of the colonies; but the usual name by which it was known
was "Aux Alibamons."11 Adair refers to it as the "dangerous
Alabahma French garrison."12 Here Jesuit missionaries minis-
tered to the spiritual needs of the Indians, and traders received
peltries and other products of the Indian hunting grounds far and
near and floated them down the river to the sea at Mobile. Fort
Toulouse was the farthest inland of the French forts in the South-
ern province and retained its importance throughout the French
regime. It stood as a signpost to the English, protecting French
territory and French trade.18
The long struggle between England and France for supremacy in
America came to an end in 1763, and the country of the Alabamas
passed to the conquerors. There was then a westward movement
of many tribes, for the savages, warned by the French, held fast
the idea that the English sought not only to secure their lands but
to exterminate the race." Some of the Alabamas remained in
their homeland; others, how many it is impossible to state, migrated
westward. Bossu tells us that they left their former haunts, burned
'"Hamilton, Colonial Mobile, 80; Charlevoix, P. F. X., History and Gen-
eral Description of New France, translated and edited with notes by Dr.
John Gilmary Shea, New York, 1900, VI, 25, 39n.
"Rowland and Sanders, eds., Mississippi Provincial Archives, 1729-40,
II, 588; Hamilton, Colonial Mobile, 162-4.
'Williams, Samuel Cole, ed., Adair's History of the American Indians,
Johnson City, Tenn., 1930, 267.
"Colonial Records of North Carolina, II, 383; Rowland and Sanders,
eds., Miississippi Provincial Archives, 1729-40, II, 358.
'Hamilton, Colonial Mobile, 183; Rowland and Sanders, eds., Mississippi
Provincial Archives, 1729-40, I, 12.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 36, July 1932 - April, 1933, periodical, 1933; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101093/m1/99/: accessed May 27, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.