The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934 Page: 3
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A Critical Study of the Siege of the Alamo 3
campaign in the spring.' Therefore, when Cos reported in October,
1835, that "all the colonists-even Austin's, heretofore submis-
sive-had risen,8 he ordered General Sesma, the military ex-
governor of Zacatecas, to march to Bexar with four battalions of
light artillery. A little later the following order was dispatched
The foreigners who are making war on the Mexican nation in
violation of every rule of law, are entitled to no consideration what-
soever; and consequently, no quarter shall be given them, of which
order you will give notice to your troops. These foreigners have
with audacity declared war to the death on Mexicans and ought to
have it given to them in the same manner.'
2. Santa Anna's Preparation for an Invasion of Texas
Many difficulties confronted Santa Anna in his preparation for
the Texas campaign, and in surmounting them he showed great
energy and ingenuity. Mexico was bled white by revolutions,
changes of government, and graft on the part of high officials.
Although more than $7,500,000 had already been spent on the
Mexican army in 1835, it was now necessary to raise more money,
and this the government was unable to do by ordinary means.10
Finally funds were secured, chiefly from private money lenders,
with interest averaging about 4%' per month."1 And even at this
ruinous rate, most of the loan of $400,000 which was finally floated,
was to be paid chiefly in supplies laid down at Matamoras.12 In-
deed, the scarcity of money among the Mexican troops was as
serious a matter as it was among the Texas soldiery. Although
the Mexican soldiers were expected to live upon the country
through which they passed, they often were hungry and in distress
'Santa Anna to the Minister of War, January 15, 1835, University of
Texas Manuscripts, Guerra, Frac. 1, Leg. 1, Op. Mil. 1835, Texas.
"The organization of committees of safety and the calling of a conven-
tion for November 1, called forth this report.
9Vicente Filisola, Memorias para la Historia de la Guerra de Tejas,
1OSanta Anna, Manifiesto Que de S'us Operaciones en la (ampana de
"Nicito de Zamagois, Historia de Mejico, XII, 68, 69; E~ Mosquito
Meicano, December 8, 1835.
"Ramon Caro, Verdadera Idea, 2-4, 148-168; here Caro gives details
concerning the loan. He declares that Santa Anna got a commission
out of it fo.r his own private purse.
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Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934, periodical, 1934; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/11/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.