The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934 Page: 5
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A Critical Study of the Siege of the Alamo
Smarting under the humiliation of the defeat, suffered by Gen-
eral Cos at Bexar on December 10, 1835, Santa Anna had on
December 30, of the same year, dictated a law to be passed by the
Mexican government. This law was designed to check immigration
from the United States to Texas, and its author believed that it
would do it. The law stated that the Mexican government had
positive information that meetings were being held in the United
States with the undisguised intent of equipping armed expeditions
against the Mexican nation; that the United States had repeatedly
replied to protests concerning the matter that her authorities dis-
approved of those meetings and had done all possible to prevent
them. Nevertheless, since some speculators and adventurers con-
tinued, in this manner, to break the neutrality laws of their own
nation, and were successful in evading punishment at her hands;
therefore, the President of Mexico directed that all armed foreign-
ers who entered the territory of the Mexican Republic should be
regarded as pirates and punished as such; also that all persons who
exported arms or munitions of war to such adventurers, should be
regarded as hostile to the Supreme Government.'5 Ramon Caro
states that this law was drafted in Santa Anna's private residence.'"
By the latter part of December, 1835, Santa Anna had deter-
mined to lead the invading army in person,'7 and with his native
energy began the mobilization of troops at Saltillo. But with all
his powers of organization, early in January, 1836, he had collected
an army of only some 6,000 to 8,000 men,18 although on paper the
The insignia of the Legion of Honor shall be a cross or star with five
radiants. The center shall be surrounded by a crown of laurel; at one
side shall be the national arms, on the other the motto, Honor, Valor,
and Country. On the reverse side of the medal in the center shall be
the name of the campaign or action for which the decoration is awarded
with the words Republica Mexicans. This cross shall be of silver for
the cavalrymen, but of gold for all officers. The Grand Crosses will
wear a band with red border on each edge across the right and left
shoulders. This is a purely military order and shall be considered the
highest honor the Mexican soldier can merit. None besides soldiers
ought to obtain it.
"Vicente Filisola, Guerra de Tejas, II, 241-253; Dublan y Lozano,
Legislacio6 Mexicano, III, 114.
"Ramon Martinez Caro, Verdadera Idea, 155.
"Santa Anna, Memoirs (translated by Willie Ward Watkins), 91,
University of Texas Archives.
'Vicente Filisola, Guerra de Tejas, II, 337. Here Fil'isola gives as a
general r6sum6 of all troops, 6017; Kennedy, Texas, II, 176-177, says,
"8,000 of the best troops in Mexico"; Yoakum, History of Texas, II, 64,
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Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934, periodical, 1934; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/13/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.