The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934 Page: 156
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
traditional incumbents" by the nomination and subsequent elec-
tion of a full "Farmers' Democratic" or "People's" ticket.
Erath County and Fort Worth saw the third party achieve suc-
cess that same year. The party grew steadily in subsequent
years and was interested in problems connected with landhold-
ing, transportation, and finance, especially banking, currency,
taxation, and governmental expenditures, and, of course, in cer-
tain political problems. Thomas L. Nugent, twice Populist can-
didate for governor, Jerome Kearby, James H. (Cyclone) Davis,
and Harrison Sterling Price (Stump) Ashby were the orators of
the party; Harry Tracy was its organizer; and J. B. Rayner was
the negro leader in the party.
In the introduction Professor Martin explains how he pursued
his study for some sixty counties representative of the five cate-
gories into which he divided them, carrying his investigation "to
the level of the county and even the voting precinct" and relying
chiefly on personal interviews, election records, and local news-
papers. In the first chapter he depicts Texas as a field of action
for political parties, the grievances of the Texas farmers, the
agrarian crusade, and the situation at the beginning of the po-
litical rebellion in 1890. The natural sequence of the Granger
movement, Greenbackism, and the Farmers' Alliance movement
is presented very clearly. In the second chapter the origin and
growth of the People's Party in Texas are traced and its pro-
gram of relief is given. In the chapter on the racial complexion
of the party Professor Martin reaches the conclusion that the
party "depended primarily upon the allegiance of the native
white citizen" and that it had most success in counties "free from
complications induced by varied racial groups." The eighth
chapter discusses the newspapers which advocated Populist re-
forms; the ninth is an analysis of Populist successes; and the
tenth depicts the end of the party in Texas. The chapter on
summary and conclusions, which is very well done and merits
careful reading, sets up four definite questions which are an-
swered in the light of facts produced by the study. An exten-
sive list of tables, maps, charts, and illustrations adds greatly to
the value of the book.
The University of Texas.
R. L. BIESELE.
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Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934, periodical, 1934; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/169/: accessed January 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.