The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934 Page: 9
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A Critical Study of the Siege of the Alamo
But on Tuesday, March 4, 1836, El Mosquito Mexicano published
the following enumeration in its account of the invading army:
The army was formed in' the following brigades:
1st composed of 1,500 men under Ramirez y Sesma;
2nd composed of 2,000 men under General Gaona;
3rd composed of 2,000 men under General Tolsa;
4th composed of 1,000 cavalry under General Andrade; mean-
while General Urrea at the head of 1,000 infantry and 500 horse
operates between Matamoras and Goliad.27
4. The Long Hard March to Bexar
The march from Monclova began on February 8, the brigades
leaving singly at intervals of two days, each carrying a month's
supplies. Santa Anna with a picked detachment pushed forward
by rapid marches, passed the various brigades, and reached San
Juan Bautista on February 12. On the same day Sesma crossed
the Rio Grande at Laredo. Soon these advance forces were joined,
making an army more than 2,500 strong, and then, one of the
most toilsome and bitter marches in the records of American history
began. The number of mules and horses necessary for the trans-
portation of supplies and baggage was extraordinary.28 The coun-
try through which this army had to march was a semi-desert,
almost destitute of water and food for beast and man. It was
winter; the weather which had been mild, became suddenly very
cold. Andrade's cavalry got lost in a snowstorm, in the midst
of a mesquite thicket, on the first night of the march. Many of
the animals froze to death, fifty yokes of oxen being lost in this
way. Alternate cold northers and driving sheets of rain and sleet,
followed by days of scorching sun, added extremes of cold and heat,
thirst, hunger, and fatigue to this army marching on little more
2Ibid., II, 337-338; Santa Anna's Diario, II, 33. Here Santa Anna
himself says that he had 8,000 men in Texas; El Mosquito Mexicao,
March 4, 1836, says 8,000; Kennedy, Texas, II, 176-177, says 8,000;
Yoakum, History of Texas, II, 64, says 6,000. It is evident that Ken-
nedy followed Santa Anna, or El Mosquito Mexicamo as authority, while
Yoakum followed Filisola.
28Filisola, Guerra de Tejas, II, 338-339. Here Filisola tells us that
1,800 pack mules, 33 four-wheeled wagons, and 200 two-wheeled carts
were not sufficient to carry all the provisions, and that a considerable
quantity was left in Monclova to be sent on by the governor as soon as
transportation could be obtained. Following the troops were great
numbers of mules and carts, belonging to the peddlers of liquor, pro-
visions, and other things. "Indeed," he says, "the brigades more nearly
resembled great convoys of freight than an army on the march."
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Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934, periodical, 1934; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/17/: accessed October 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.