The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934 Page: 158
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Southwestern Hfistorical Quarterly
the Alamo.2 Dr. Amos Pollard sent to the Council, on De-
cember 28, 1835, the names of twenty-two who had been wounded
at the taking of Bexar.3 Five of that twenty-two-all reported
by Pollard as having been severely wounded-are on the roll of
187 victims that I have verified by reliable documents. Those
men were probably never fit for service during the siege of March,
1836. Moreover, in all the letters from Pollard to Smith4 he
writes of the numerous sick soldiers and of how busy he is at-
tending them. One suspects that a good deal of this distress
was bluster on Pollard's part to magnify his service, but the fact
remains that there were in all probability more than twenty
sick men at the Alamo. Travis never mentioned even Bowie
after he had fallen ill of pneumonia, and after a little thought
one is convinced that it was a wise policy for him not to men-
tion any of his disabled men in his reports, but in estimating
the number of persons at the fort, they must be considered.
There were also twenty or thirty non-combatants, citizens of
Bexar-men, women, and children-who had taken refuge in the
Alamo upon the arrival of the Mexican army. Some of those
frightened Mexicans left before the final assault, but the ma-
jority were there to the end. In fact, my study of this problem
leads to the opinion that there were some 215 or 220 persons in
the fortress on the morning of March 6, 1836. Between 185 and
200 of this number were soldiers, the others were the non-com-
batants. If we remember, however, that Travis counted only
efficient fighting men, it will be clearly seen that this estimate
does not conflict with his reports. Before the arrival of the
thirty-two from Gonzales on March 1, there were probably never
more than 145 or 150 men at the Alamo who were fit for service.
"'Jesse Bedgett's Account of the Alamo Massacre," The Arkansas Advocate
(Little Rock), April 15, 1836 ; James T. DeShields (ed.), "John Sutherland's
Account of the Fall of the Alamo," Dallas News, February 3, 1911; John
N. Seguin, Memoirs, Archives of the University of Texas; Memorial No.
131, Archives of the State Department of Texas.
It may be well to state here that since this study was made the
Memorials, formerly in the State Department, have been transferred to
the State Library. They are now filed alphabetically, but any document
cited in this study can be easily found if one should wish to see it.
8Amos Pollard to Governor Smith and the Council, December 28, 1835,
Army Papers, Texas State Library.
'There are several letters from Pollard to Smith among the Army Papers.
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Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934, periodical, 1934; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/177/: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.