The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934 Page: 184
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
On November 19, 1881, the capitol and the monument were de-
stroyed by fire, but in that same year, the Twenty-first Legisla-
ture appropriated funds for an Alamo monument to be erected
in the grounds of the new capitol. In 1891 it was constructed
by James S. Clark & Company of Louisville, Kentucky. It is
built of Texas granite, and now stands at the right of the main
entrance of the Capitol, fronting Congress Avenue.
The foundation forms a floor nineteen feet square which rises
about two feet above the level of the ground. At each corner
of this foundation floor is placed a three-foot-square marginal
base. These bases support four massive polished pillars, seven
feet high by two feet and three inches square. These pillars in
turn support arches which unite in a dome. The capstone is
a single piece of granite upon which stands a bronze figure of a
typical soldier of early Texas. The whole structure is 351 feet
high. On the west lintel are engraved these words: "Heroes of
the Alamo"; on the east, "God and Texas, Liberty or Death";
on the south, "I shall never surrender or retreat"; on the north
pediment and lintel, "Thermopylae had her messenger of defeat,
the Alamo had none." On the four columns are chiseled the
names of the Alamo heroes."'
Besides this monument the state of Texas has purchased the
chapel and part of the old Alamo building, and maintains these
old ruins as a memorial to the men who died within their walls.
But the greatest and most fitting monument of all, perhaps, is
the thriving, progressive city of San Antonio that has grown
up about the ruins of the old fortress.
5"See the Alamo monument in the Capitol grounds. Chapter V of this
study will show the discrepancy between the findings of my research and
those of the Alamo monument committee, concerning the names of the
men who died at the Alamo.
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Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934, periodical, 1934; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/203/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.