The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934 Page: 16
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Commander of the Army of Texas:
Because a shot was fired from a cannon of this fort at the time
that a red flag was raised over the tower, and [because] a little
afterward they told me that a part of your army had sounded a
parley, which, however, was not heard before the firing of the said
shot. I wish, Sir, to ascertain if it be true that a parley was
called, for which reason I send my second aid, Benito Jameson,
under guarantee of a white flag which I believe will be respected
by you and your forces. God and Texas!
Fortress of the Alamo, February 23, 1836
Commander of the volunteers of Bexar to the
Commander of the invading forces below Bejar.40
The Mexican reply was written by Colonel Batres, aid to Santa
As the Aid-de-Camp of his Excellency, the President of the
Republic, I reply to you, according to the order of his Excellency,
that the Mexican army cannot come to terms under any conditions
with rebellious foreigners to whom there is no other recourse left,
if they wish to save their lives, than to place themselves imme-
diately at the disposal of the Supreme Government from whom
alone they may expect clemency after some considerations [are
taken up]. God and Liberty!
Jos4. Batres to James Bowie
This is a copy. Jos6 Batres
General Headquarters of San Antonio de Bejar
Feb. 23, 183641
These letters will recall the statement, previously made, that
the quarrel resulting from the rivalry between Travis and
Bowie had been merely assuaged by the agreement for a dual
command at the Alamo. It seems to have waxed hot again on
the first day of the siege over this matter of a parley with the
Mexicans. Whether these leaders again made a compromise, or
conciliatory agreement, is not known, but the question of the
command of the fortress was definitely settled the next day when
Bowie was stricken down with typhoid-pneumonia.42 Several days
"'James Bowie to the Commander of the Invading Forces, February
23, 1836, Archivo General de Mexico, Seretaria de Guerra y Marina,
Frac. 1, Leg. 1, 1836, University of Texas Transcripts, p. 47.
4"Jos6 Batres to James Bowie, Ibid., p. 48. Both these documents are
written in Spanish. The translation is literal.
aIt seems to be pretty generally agreed by historians that Bowie's
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Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934, periodical, 1934; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/24/: accessed June 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.