The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934 Page: 28
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
destroyed some wooden jacals just without their walls, and brought
the wood into the fort for cooking purposes. No Texans were
killed or wounded.
Third Day, February 25. Santa Anna moved his headquarters
across the river and with the battalion of Oazadores of Mata-
moras, tried to erect a battery in front of the gate of the Alamo.
The Texans opened their batteries; the Mexicans were reinforced
by the batteries of Ximenes, but according to their own account,
they suffered two killed and six wounded.63 Temporarily they
"eThe Arkansas Gazette, April 12, 1836, gives the following account:
"On February 25th, the Texian garrison at Bexar of only 150 effective
men, commanded by Colonel W. B. Travis, was attacked by the advance
division of Santa Anna's army of 2,000 men. The enemy was repulsed
with a loss of many killed and wounded, variously estimated from 450
to 600, and without the loss of a man in the garrison. This great
slaughter is attributed to the fact that every man in the garrison keeps
about eight guns always loaded by his side." This estimate of Mexi-
ican dead is probably exaggerated, but the loss must have been heavy,
for on April 19, 1836, the Gazette published Travis's letter of February
25, his official report to Houston, in which he mentions the Mexican
loss. This letter reads:
Headquarters, Fort of the Alamo,
Bexar, Feby. 25th, 1836.
To Major-General Sam Houston,
Commander-in-Chief of the Army of Texas-
Sir: On the 23rd of Feb. the enemy in large force entered the city
of Bexar, which could not be prevented, as I had not sufficient force to
occupy both positions. Col. Batres, the Adjutant-Major of the Presi-
dent-General Santa Anna, demanded a surrender at discretion, calling
us foreign rebels. I answered them with a cannon shot, upon which
the enemy commenced a bombardment with a five-inch howitzer, which
together with a heavy cannonade, has been kept up incessantly ever
since. I instantly sent express to Col. Fannin, at Goliad, and to the
people of Gonzales and San Felipe. Today at 10 o'clock A. M. some
two or three hundred Mexicans crossed the river below and came up
under cover of the houses until they arrived within point blank shot,
when we opened a heavy discharge of grape and canister on them,
together with a well directed fire from small arms which forced them
to halt and take shelter in the houses about 90 or 100 yards from our
batteries. The action continued to rage about two hours, when the enemy
retreated in confusion, dragging off many of their dead and wounded.
During the action the enemy kept up a constant bombardment and
discharge of balls, grape and canister. We knew from actual observa-
tion that many of the enemy were wounded-while we, on our part,
have not lost a man. Two or three of our men have been slightly
scratched by pieces of rock, but have not been disabled. I take great
pleasure in stating that both officers and men conducted themselves with
firmness and bravely. Lieutenant Simmons of cavalry acting as in-
fantry, and Captains Carey, Dickinson and Blair of the artillery, ren-
dered essential service, and Charles Despallier and Robert Brown gal-
lantly sallied out and set fire to houses which afforded the enemy shelter,
in the face of the enemy fire. Indeed, the whole of the men who were
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Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934, periodical, 1934; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/36/: accessed June 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.