The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934 Page: 40
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
afternoon of March 6, we laid the wood and dry branches upon
which a pile of dead bodies was placed, more wood was piled on
them, then another pile of bodies was brought, and in this manner
they were all arranged in layers. Kindling wood was distributed
through the pile and about 5 o'clock in the evening it was lighted.
The dead Mexicans of Santa Anna were taken to the grave-yard,
but not having sufficient room for them, I ordered some to be thrown
into the river, which was done on the same day.
The gallantry of the few Texans who defended the Alamo was
really wondered at by the Mexican army. Even the generals were
astonished at their vigorous resistance, and how dearly victory
The generals under Santa Anna who participated in the storm-
ing of the Alamo, were Juan Amador, Castrillon, Ramirez y Sesma,
The men (Texans) burnt were one hundred and eighty-two. I
was an eyewitness, for as alcalde of San Antonio, I was with some
of the neighbors, collecting the dead bodies and placing them on
the funeral pyre.
Francis Antonio Ruiz.
i. A Resume of the Accounts of the Assault as Told by Survivors
As might be expected, we have from the survivors of the garrison
meager and conflicting accounts."' But gleaned from these, the
main facts as handed down, agree, on the whole, with the Mexican
accounts. As has been stated, the garrison was on the night of
March 5, exhausted by constant watching and hard labor, yet they
toiled on until nearly midnight, for well they knew that the worst
of the fight was still ahead of them, and the officers, at least, under-
stood that the cessation of the enemy's fire was but the lull before
the storm. But notwithstanding this realization of conditions, ex-
hausted nature demanded its toll, and so when the Mexicans ceased
fire and retired from their batteries, the men of the Alamo soon
dropped down at their posts, arms in hand, to snatch a little rest.
SThe survivors of the Alamo disaster were women and children and
negro servant boys. Most of the women and children were in the church
and saw little of the fighting until the last few minutes of the battle.
The negro servants were greatly frightened. Joe, the slave boy of Travis,
stated that after his master fell he ran to the long barracks and hid
himself (Gray, From Virginia to Texas, 137). The scouts who were in
and out of the fortress during the siege were valuable eyewitnesses of
the conditions prior to the final assault, but John Sutherland is the
only one of them who has left a written account, and it was written
many years after the event. John W. Smith, so far as I have been
able to ascertain, left no record of the part he played in this episode
except oral statements, and such reports are prone to run to legend as
they pass from mouth to mouth.
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Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934, periodical, 1934; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/48/: accessed March 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.