The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934 Page: 80
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
According to various records, already cited in previous chapters,
he and his "Tennessee boys" fought side by side, and died together.
The one pre-eminent leader of the Mexicans was General Antonio
L6pez de Santa Anna, the President of Mexico and the commander-
in-chief of all the Mexican forces.
It is the function of this chapter, therefore, to present brief
biographies of these four leaders in the event about which this
William Barret Travis
William Barret Travis was born in Edgefield District, South
Carolina, August 9, 1809. He was the son of Mark Travis and
Jemima Stallworth Travis and was the oldest of their ten children,
six boys and four girls. The father, Mark Travis, had a natural
son, Tallifero Travis, who was taken into the home and reared
with the legitimate children. This fact has given rise to a story
sometimes found in books to the effect that William Barret Travis
was a foundling.2 The Travis family left South Carolina in 1818
(some writers claim 1820), and emigrated to Alabama, settling in
Conecuh County of that state. The Travises believed in education,
and William Barret was given the best schooling that the times
and the frontier state afforded. Before leaving South Carolina he
had attended "an old field school" at Red Banks, Edgefield Dis-
trict." There he met and became fast friends with James Butler
Bonham, a boy two years older than himself. This friendship
held true through life. After settling in Alabama, the Travis
children were sent to Evergreen Academy, a school that was to
2Cyrus Townsend Brady, Conquest of the Southwest, 101, states that
"Travis was a foundling, discovered, tied to the bars of a gate on the
farm of Mr. Mark Travis who took the babe and named him Barr, not
Barret." Brady does not give his authority for this statement, but
Professor Milledge L. Bonham, Hamilton College, Clinton, New York,
in an essay (MS.), [This essay has recently been published in the Quar-
terly, XXXV, 124-136. Dr. Bonhaman omits this statement concerning
Travis in the printed copy of the article.] gave the same account and
cited as authority neighborhood tradition in Edgefield District, South
Carolina, the early home of the Travis family. Professor Samuel E.
Asbury of the A. and M. College, Texas, after careful and painstaking
research, proved conclusively that William Barret Travis was not the
foundling of the family. For the detailed story, see correspondence
between Samuel E. Asbury and Mark Travis, McKenzie, Alabama, in
the Archives of the University of Texas.
3Milledge L. Bonham, Jr., James Butler Bonham, a Consistent Rebel
(MS.), Archives of the University of Texas. See also Southwest Histori-
cal Quarterly, XXXV, 124-136.
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Texas State Historical Association & Barker, Eugene C. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 37, July 1933 - April, 1934, periodical, 1934; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101094/m1/94/: accessed March 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.