The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936 Page: 86
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
ble, I believe, that 1813 instead of 1817 is the date of the first
In the conservative and scholarly North American Review for
July, 1836, there appears an unsigned article of thirty pages re-
viewing three recent works on Texas: Mrs. Mary Austin Holley's
Texas (1833), the anonymous Visit to Texas (1834), and Stephen
F. Austin's Address to the People of Louisville, Kentucky (March,
1836).1o As was the literary fashion of the time, the three books
are merely a point of departure for the reviewer, who devotes most
of his space to sketching Texan-Mexican relations from the rise
of Hidalgo in 1810 to the battle of San Jacinto. After giving a
cursory but accurate background of conditions in Mexico during
the period, the writer traces events in Texas from the Gutierrez-
Magee expedition of 1812-1813 through the just-completed revo-
lution of 1836.
The reader is immediately struck by the detailed treatment given
the Gutierrez-Magee expedition, especially the part played by Jos6
Alvarez de Toledo. In discussing the expedition the writer inter-
sperses his narrative with much personal detail and fulfills his
promise to write "particularly of some occurrences in the internal
provinces of New Spain, of which no authentic account has ever
After telling the familiar story of how Jose Bernardo Guti6rrez
da Lara, a Mexican creole from Nuevo Santander, fled to the
United States in 1811 after the collapse of the Hidalgo Revolu-
tion; of how he plotted for a year before gathering together, with
the aid of Augustus Magee, of the United States army, a motley
band of Mexican refugees, Indians, and Anglo-American adven-
turers; and of how it took six months of stubborn fighting for
them to capture San Antonio, the reviewer comes to the activities
Don Jose Alvarez de Toledo [he wrote], who was destined to
succeed Don Bernardo in the command, was a native of the Island
of Cuba. Very early in life he received a warrant of midshipman
in the Spanish navy, and continued in that service until he was
appointed a lieutenant. During the invasion of the Peninsula,
he joined the land service, and acted as the aid-de-camp of Gen-
eral Blake, during the retreat of Sir John Moore upon Corufia.
"The North American Review, XLIII, 226-257.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936, periodical, 1936; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/m1/100/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.