The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936 Page: 104
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
Petersburg the farmers had to remove the dead animals and the
iron which cannon had belched forth before they could plough
the blood-soaked soil. Richmond itself was only a mass of black-
Conditions in the Carolinas, particularly in South Carolina,
were no better. Sherman's army of Vandals had left Calhoun's
state so bare that a northern visitor declared that "you can have
no idea of the desolation of this country."6 Only the soil of
the state escaped the desolation of war. "The banks were ruined.
The railroads were destroyed. Their few manufactories were
desolated. Their vessels had been swept from the seas and
rivers. The live-stock was consumed. Notes, bonds, mortgages,
all the money in circulation, debts, became alike worthless. The
community were without clothes and without food. Every thing
had gone into the rapacious maw of the Confederate Govern-
ment; vast estates had crumbled like paper in a fire. While the
shape was not wholly destroyed, the substance had turned to
ashes. Never was there greater nakedness and desolation in a
Columbia, the capital of South Carolina and one of the most
beautiful cities on the continent, was after the war "a wilder-
ness of ruins." "On each of twelve streets" for "three-fourths
of a mile" only "blackened chimneys and crumbling walls" re-
mained. On the eighty-four blocks swept by flames 1386 build-
ings had been consumed. Where once flourished in the open air
the japonica, the cape jasmine, the English and Spanish laurel,
the Chinese hawthorn, the holly, the Australian pines, the live-
oaks, the mock-orange, the magnificent magnolia now remained
rows of blackened trunks. Of the five railroads which had en-
tered the city, one now ended twenty-nine miles away, one thirty,
another thirty-two, another forty-five, and a fifth fifty. The
irons found twisted around trees and telegraph poles told the
story of vandalism.8
'Mrs. Roger A. Pryor, Reminiscences of Peace and War, 394.
'New York Tribune, September 30, 1865.
'J. S. Pike, The Prostrate State, 93.
8J. S. Pike, The Prostrate State, 100 et seq.; Sidney Andrews, The South
since the War, 29 et seq., 339; J. P. Hollis, The Early Period of Reoon-
struction in South Carolina, 23; Southern Historical Society Papers, XIII,
502; New York Nation, I, 106, 812.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936, periodical, 1936; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/m1/118/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.