The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936 Page: 161
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VOL. XXXIX JANUARY, 1936 No. 3
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed
by contributors to THE QUARTERLY
THE CONFEDERATE EXODUS TO LATIN AMERICA
LAw ENC F. HILL
Professor of History in The Ohio State University
DIXIELANDS IN SOUTH AMERICA
The southerners who ventured into the South-American tropics
established themselves over the vast area extending from the
Brazilian province of Parana on the south to the Venezuelan
valley of the Orinoco on the north. Paying little or no attention
to families or small groups which stopped at places too numerous
to mention, it may be of interest to locate the most important
settlements and attempt such characterization as available ma-
terials will permit.
At the southern extremity of the line of settlement was the
colony on the Assunguy River, a contributor to the Paranagua
Bay, in the south Brazilian province of Parana. In the summer
following the close of the war, Colonel M. S. Swain of Louisiana
selected the lands for himself and bereaved friends which became
the nucleus of the settlement. A companion of Colonel Swain
was Horace Lane of the same state.'
The two sons of Louisiana were not to remain unto themselves
for long. After four months, they were joined by Dr. John H.
Blue, Judge John Guillet and brothers, and other Missourians;2
soon thereafter there were thirty-five southerners settled around
1The Daily Picayune, July 15, 1865.
2Swain to General R. L. Gibson, October 4, 1865, in the Houna Civic
Guard (Terrebonnee Parish, Louisiana).
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936, periodical, 1936; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/m1/181/: accessed April 6, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.