The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936 Page: 162
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
the beautiful Bay of Paranagua-mostly Missourians who had
been encouraged by Dr. Blue's letters published in the Daily Mis-
souri Republican urging them to leave the "radicals" of their
state." And southern "rebels" continued to come. In the summer
of 1866 came Isaac N. Young-who had moved to Missouri from
Staunton, Virginia, perhaps twenty-five years before4-with his
wife, her father and mother, three sons, and a nephew, from
Franklin County, Missouri.5 Following the Youngs were the John-
sons, the Glenns, the Combs, the Parkers, the Pattersons, the
Thompsons, the Millers, the Budds, the Fifes, and others, most
of whom were from the same state, though Illinois, Nebraska, and
California were represented. Without doubt the half hundred
letters of Dr. Blue and the shorter series of Isaac Young," pub-
lished in the Republican, influenced many of the discontented to
launch upon the new ventures. In January, 1868, Charles Nathan,
the Louisianan who had gone to the Brazilian capital and after
accepting Brazilian citizenship had contracted to bring into the
country of his adoption 5,000 virtuous and provident southerners,
estimated that the province of Parana was the home of two hundred
American emigrants.' It is true, of course, that not all, what-
ever the number, settled around Paranagua Bay. The bay was
merely the nucleus of the settlement.
We are more interested in the occupations of the Paranagua
settlers and in their reactions to their environment. Obviously
both the occupations and the reactions were varied. Dr. Blue, in
addition to operating a plantation, practiced medicine in the town
of Paranagua. Isaac Young purchased 8,000 acres of land, 5,000
of which were covered with fine timber, and one hundred and fifty
of which were in cultivation, for the sum of $5,600, and with the
land improvements worth double the purchase price. On the
tillable portion of the plantation he proceeded to the exploitation
of Negro labor in the production of cane, corn, beans, potatoes,
'The Daily Picayune, March 8, 1866; The Mobile Evening News, Octo-
ber 31, 1865.
'See J. Marshall McCue, writing from Mt. Solon, Virginia, to C. H.
McCormick, April 11, 1867, in the C. H. McCormick MSS. For this note
the writer is indebted to Dr. William T. Utter of Denison University.
'The Daily Missouri Republican, February 9, 1867.
'These letters can be found in The Daily Missouri Republican, 1865-1869.
'See Captain Richard F. Burton, Emplorations of the Highlands of the
Brazils (2 vols., London, 1869), I, pp. 5-6.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936, periodical, 1936; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/m1/182/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.