The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936 Page: 199
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The Confederate Exodus to Latin America
Caroni, some one hundred miles below Bolivar, that his party
had just returned from a most thorough exploration of the country,
on which the men chose their allotments on the Couri. Beautiful,
fertile, and healthy, the lands would produce wheat, corn, tobacco,
cotton, coffee, and cocoa. At the time this letter was written,
nineteen persons, including women and children, had become dis-
satisfied; but except two, the discontented were Yankees who had
smuggled themselves among the elect. "Every Confederate who
went to farming and trading" did well. "Out of the party who
went to the mines, all were sick, and four died."41
The third group to essay homebuilding in equatorial Venezuela
left New Orleans aboard the schooner United States on May 25 of
the same fateful year (1867), under the auspices of the same
organization, and proceeded to Bolivar. Soon after arrival in this
historic town, a band was organized to settle at Paragua, a village
situated on the Paragua River one hundred and fifty miles south
of the Orinocan settlements. It included farmers, a geologist, and
several practical miners.42 Whether this group succeeded in open-
ing farms and in exploiting the gold deposits around Paragua, is
unknown. In fact, nothing else is known concerning any of the
colonists who went into the Venezuelan wilderness. The reader is
left without a rudder for his unbridled imagination. He may
hope that the hundred or so Confederates did not go the way
of old "Dixie."
"The Mercury (Charleston), September 17, 1867.
"See John Lane, Jr.'s, letter of August 15, 1867, in the Richmond
Enquirer and Examiner. Unfortunately, the photostating machine failed
to catch the date of the paper in which this letter appeared! See also
the New Orleans Times, December 1 and 8, 1867.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936, periodical, 1936; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/m1/219/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.