The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936 Page: 240
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
United States in Central America were those of charge d'affaires,
special agent and consul.
Most of the correspondence between the United States and
Central America between 1831 and 1860 accumulated after 1848.
This is due to several reasons. First, the last mentioned year
marked the eve of the beginnings of diplomatic relations between
the United States and the several Central American republics.
Second, following the collapse of the federal republic, British ag-
gressions on the Mosquito Coast and elsewhere increased, and
Great Britain, in the hope of profiting more through disunion
than otherwise, worked against the proposed re-establishment of
the federation which the United States favored. Accordingly,
and also through a determination, after the Mexican War and
the gold rush to California, to prevent Great Britain from secur-
ing a monopoly of a canal route across Nicaragua, the United
States engaged in a spirited diplomatic contest with Great
Britain for leadership in Central America. Finally, in 1850 the
celebrated Clayton-Bulwer treaty between the United States and
Great Britain was consummated for the purpose of facilitating,
through a policy of neutralization, the construction of an isth-
mian canal. The problems connected with this treaty, how-
ever--both those which it was designed to settle and new ones
that developed-were not adjusted until 1860 and were the sub-
ject of prolonged diplomatic correspondence between the United
States and the several Central American republics. Third and
finally, between 1856 and 1860 voluminous correspondence ac-
cumulated as the result of the activities in Central America of
the well-known adventurer, William Walker, who endeavored to
promote the interests of slaveholders in the South by the addi-
tion of new slave territory to the United States, and whose ac-
tivities indirectly were designed to offset British interpretation
of the Clayton-Bulwer treaty and Great Britain's continued
dominance over the Mosquito Coast.
Thus it came about that scarcely one-third of the correspond-
ence published in Volumes III and IV originated in the period
of internal discord and political disintegration prior to the year
1849 while the other two-thirds of the correspondence originated
in the last eleven years of the period under survey. These facts
also explain the relatively larger volume of correspondence be-
tween the United States and Central America than that with
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936, periodical, 1936; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/m1/260/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.