The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936 Page: 335

Book Reviews and Notices

with features effeminate and "the soft voice of a timid Metho-
dist preacher," who with thirty men tried to start a war with
Mexico; "Mervyn," the Ranger writer, whose prose would not have
brought discredit to O. Henry; John B. Jones, the pacificator,
whose strongest drink was black coffee, which he loved not so well
as buttermilk; G. W. Arrington, stubborn and unyielding; Ira
Aten, original, audacious, and droll; and Frank Hamer, who seems
to have inherited the courage and efficiency of the intrepid lead-
ers who preceded him.
Wisely conceived, well organized, profusely illustrated, and
beautifully written, the book is a fitting monument to a great
institution. RUPERT N. RICHARDSON.
Hardin-Simmons University,
Abilene, Texas.
Manifest Destiny: A Study of Nationalist Expansionism in
American History. By Albert K. Weinberg. (Baltimore:
The Johns Hopkins Press. 1935. Pp. xii, 559. $4.50.)
Professor Weinberg endeavors to give a history of the ideology
of American territorial expansion and expansionism in its vari-
ous aspects, with critical analysis of its contents. The professed
altruism of a rather small part of the aggressive expansionist
ideology leads the author, in his Introduction, to remark, as if of
the whole: "The inverted character of international morality is
most striking in the ideology supporting territorial expansion"-
inverted, i. e., in reference to personal morality. Some readers
will probably consider unwarranted the author's distinction be-
tween "international" and "individual" morality and his assump-
tion of "the inverted character of international morality." For
nations are but the individuals who form them; morality is gen-
erally considered something higher and more inclusive than "law,"
whether customary or statutory, and yet even international law
does not sanction open, undisguised aggression of one state upon
another. The author rightly discovers aggressiveness and im-
perialism in many phases of American expansion, and to identify
American imperialism with "international morality." Consider-
ing the fact that American statesmen, when in the act of adding
aggressively to our territory at a neighbor's expense, have repeat-


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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936, periodical, 1936; Austin, Texas. ( accessed March 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Texas State Historical Association.