The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936 Page: 58
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
its favor though his speech was really a good argument against
the bill. I spoke against the bill. Think I got through at least
respectably. (Graham assured me I did.) Hope I redeemed
myself from the effects of my miserable abortion of last session.
The report however agreed to on yeas & nays by a vote of 47 to
37, the Texas delegation all voting nay.269 A motion was made
to remove the injunction of secrecy on which Gray & I both spoke
& both became improperly excited and undignified. I suffered a
very improper & indecorous expression to escape me which I
deeply regret. I said the bill was "damnable." I was betrayed
into this excitement by the presence & manner of Wigfall who
was in the house & had been electioneering among members for
the passage of the bill. Whether he intends to be so or not his
manner is very offensive. I think he was provoked at us in the
House because we all voted against the bill. I think the bill
full of mischief. But I shall defend [it] as I can before the
Country--shall advise the people to acquiesce in the present evil
for the sake of the greater future good. We must whip the com-
mon enemy before we disagree among ourselves. Hope the bill
will work better than I think. I pray God to direct it for the
accomplishment of good. I have the notes of my argument
against the bill.
At night session the whole evening was occupied in arguing a
bill reported from the Com. on Q.M. & Commissary Department
etc. providing for commissioners to investigate the accounts of
disbursing officers etc. where any ground for suspicion of fraud
might exist etc. etc. Much opposition to the bill on frivolous
grounds. I was for it & am still so. Do not think it will ac-
complish much positively but think it will have the effect of de-
terring men from doing wrong.
This day has been damp and cold & dreary. Prospects of the
Country now are not very flattering. It is a most critical period in
our history. "In God is my trust." May he have mercy on us.
'"Tax 'bill passed April 24, 1863, levying variety of taxes to be as-
sessed July 1 and collected October 1, 1863. Included were a property
tax of 8% on agricultural products, a license tax on variety of occupa-
tions, a graduated income tax, et cetera. Administration of tax system
was so lax that comparatively small amount was really collected. Too
much confidence was placed on the issuance of bonds and notes in finances
of the community, State and Confederacy.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936, periodical, 1936; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/m1/66/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.