The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936 Page: 68
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
nounced that it was impossible to send soldiers against the pirates
who were giving trouble at Galveston. So. misfortunes continued
until July, 1822, when he finally left Texas, though there were
sometimes momentary gleams of hope that conditions might im-
prove under Iturbide's imperial regime. As a matter of fact,
Iturbide did promise to take up certain recommendations for the
betterment of Texas when an opportunity arose; but in reality
all hopes for actual improvement were utterly illusive, for the
Emperor soon encountered insuperable difficulties in the execu-
tion of his plans for making himself supreme dictator of Mexico.
As a result, Martinez was reduced to the severest straits. On
March 22, 1822, he reported to his immediate superior that the
commissioner sent to the United States had failed to secure
supplies and that actual starvation stared him and his settlers
in the face. Thus matters stood when at the end of June, 1822,
he learned that Felix Trespalacios, who had gained recognition
in defense of the cause of Independence, was on his way to
supersede him in command. On August 24, 1822, he announced
himself ready to turn over his office to the new governor, who at
once issued an inaugural address that must have brought him
deep humiliation. Trespalacios boastingly declared that Texas'
natural resources would soon make her a rival of the other por-
tions of the Empire and that steps must be taken immediately
to secure the necessary colonists and soldiers for the long de-
layed program for the development of this choice section of the
North American Continent. In closing, he pointed out that all
must learn to use their newly acquired freedom in the proper
manner. With the bitter word "independence" in his ears, Mar-
tinez departed for Mexico. After meeting with Stephen F. Aus-
tin there, he disappeared into the obscurity from which he had
emerged five years before. It is hoped that these letters, reveal-
ing the personality of the man who opened the door to Moses
Austin and aided Stephen F. Austin to settle his colonists in the
wilds of Texas, will induce students to search for fuller facts
regarding his birth, education, attainments, and final days-for
he must have been an old man when, as best he could, he upheld
in Texas the cause of the Spanish King against overwhelming
odds from 1817 to 1822.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936, periodical, 1936; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/m1/76/: accessed May 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.