The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936 Page: 71
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Letters of Antonio Martinez
I have found the province in the saddest and most deplorable
state it is possible to conceive.
As I passed through Monterrey, I delivered into the hands of
the commandant general of these provinces himself, the official
order you were good enough to issue to this official to the effect
that the mounted presidial companies of veterans of this city
and those of Alamo de Parras and Bahia del Espiritu Santo
were to be filled and organized as soon as possible, so that with
them, I might assist in putting an end to the incessant hostilities
the barbarians are committing against this place. But, from
what the commandant general said to me, I have not the remot-
est hope that this will be done. Nothing of what I told you
before my departure from that capital adequately expresses the
unhappy state in which these Eastern Provinces are found,
especially the one you have placed under my care. In my afore-
said representation, I reported that these companies were incom-
plete or scattered. Not only is this true, but they are absolutely
non-existent, for, with the organization of the proposed new squad-
rons, neither will have any men available. On taking possession
of this province, I found nothing but pickets from the other
provinces, to the number of 301 men. However, even they are
not really soldiers, since they are afoot, without supplies-save
a very small amount-and this furnished them from day to day,
so that not only do they suffer from lack of food but their fam-
ilies likewise go hungry. This suffering is shared by all the
settlers of this place, for, due to the unfortunate condition of
the troops, the Indians are so insolent they approach the settle-
ments and even impudently enter them. They slay these unfor-
tunate people with impunity, for no matter how soon the troops
attempt to go to the rescue, the Indians, being well armed and
well mounted, can easily make these forces ridiculous. The sol-
diers are brave enough but they are lacking in numbers and
strength. Due to this fact, it has happened that, even though
my predecessor, Don Manuel Pardo, used the greatest possible
diligence, it has not been possible to plant crops. Therefore, the
people are perishing. I have the unhappiness to be a spectator
of this sad scene, without being able in any way to lessen their
You promised to aid this section. If, when absent from it
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 39, July 1935 - April, 1936, periodical, 1936; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101095/m1/79/: accessed February 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.