The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 40, July 1936 - April, 1937 Page: 2
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
would devote itself to the support and direction of German emigra-
tion to Texas out of purely philanthropical reasons. Prince Victor
of Leiningen was elected president and Count Carl of Castell, the
moving spirit of the society since its founding in 1842, was made
business director. Among the new members was Alexander Bour-
geois d'Orvanne, who with Armand Ducos had received a coloniza-
tion contract from Sam Houston on June 3, 1842, to settle twelve
hundred families in the region between the upper reaches of the
Medina and Frio rivers. Bourgeois had succeeded during the fall
of 1843 to interest the German noblemen in his colonization con-
tract to such an extent that they entered into a preliminary agree-
ment with him to take over his colonization contract despite the
fact that on December 3, 1843, eighteen months after its issue, it
would expire if a minimum of four hundred families had not been
placed on the grant by that time. Both Bourgeois and the Ger-
man noblemen must have believed that Bourgeois could secure a
renewal or extension of the contract, for on April 7, 1844, nearly
half a year after the Bourgeois-Ducos contract expired and after
the German noblemen organized the new society, they closed the
deal. In fact, so sure must the German noblemen have been that
they made Bourgeois colonial director of the settlement to be
founded on the Medina."
Not long thereafter, on April 20, 1844, exactly two years after
the first society had been organized, the new society appointed
Prince Carl of Solms-Braunfels, one of its members, commissioner-
general for its colonial establishment in Texas and ordered him
and Bourgeois d'Orvanne to Texas to get everything in readiness
for the first settlers. Accompanying the formal appointment in writ-
ing was a long letter of instructions to Prince Solms concerning
the management of Nassau Farm, the renewal or possible exten-
sion of the Bourgeois-Ducos colonization contract, the making of
a contract with Henry Francis Fisher,2 the allaying of any sus-
1For the facts concerning the organization of the Society for the Protec-
tion of German Immigrants in Texas in 1844 and its interest in a coloniza-
tion enterprise in Texas, see R. L. Biesele, The History of the German
Settlements in Texas, 1831-1861, pp. 66-74.
2Henry Francis Fisher and Burchard Miller received a colonization con-
tract on June 7, 1842, for the region between the Llano and the Colorado
rivers. After this contract was renewed on September 1, 1843, Fisher
secured an appointment as Texas consul for the port of Bremen and in the
spring of 1844 began to interest the German noblemen in his contract.
(See Colonization Papers for 1829 to 1842 and 1843 to 1845; also Letters
to the Department of State, No. 42, p. 338, Texas State Library.)
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 40, July 1936 - April, 1937, periodical, 1937; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101099/m1/10/: accessed June 29, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.