The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 40, July 1936 - April, 1937 Page: 146
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
authorities for a redress of such wrong or injury, . . ." (3) De-
fined reservations were set aside for the Indians, who, on their
part, surrendered their claims "to the government of the United
States to any and all lands to which they . . . may ever have
had any claim or title." (4) Subsistence, in the form of beef
cattle, was granted to the tribes while going to and settling upon
their reservations-usually limited to the years 1851 and 1852.
(5) Gifts of farm animals, agricultural implements, and clothing
were provided, usually for two years after the ratification of the
treaty, with variations thereafter. (6) A farmer, blacksmith, car-
penter, and school teacher, with such assistants as might be con-
sidered necessary, were to be assigned to each reservation "and
continued only so long as the President of the United States shall
deem advisable; . . ."3
Such, in general, were the terms of the eighteen treaties nego-
tiated by the commissioners. They were all rejected by the senate
(July 8, 1852) because the reservations were found to include
some of "the most valuable agricultural and mineral land in
the State. .. "'
Thus the commission of 1851-1852 failed to accomplish its
main purpose-the actual establishment of a definite Indian policy
in California. But this did not by any means imply an ultimate
lack of success on all points. The reservation system, thus signifi-
cantly foreshadowed, was carried into effect during the superin-
tendencies of Edward F. Beale (1852-1854) and Thomas J. Hen-
Most important of all, experience was gained and adequate
records were kept. A joint diary covering the period from April 5
to May 2, 1851; a series of minutes kept by John McKee (son of
Redick McKee and a secretary to the commission) from August 9
to December 29; and an undated but quite detailed account of
events signed by George W. Barbour, are among the items that
have been printed.5 The latter is supplemented and clarified by
the manuscript Journal of George W. Barbour, herewith sub-
'Quotations from treaty negotiated by George W. Barbour with the
Tache and Cahwia Indians. Office of Indian Affairs, General Files, Cali-
fornia, B 12-I 76/1852. Complete text given in Appendix B.
"Oongressional Globe, 32 Cong. 1 Sess., 890.
"33 Cong. Special Sess., Senate Emecutive Document l, 88-98; 134-180;
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 40, July 1936 - April, 1937, periodical, 1937; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101099/m1/160/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.