The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 40, July 1936 - April, 1937 Page: 183
- Highlighting On/Off
- Adjust Image
- Rotate Left
- Rotate Right
- Brightness, Contrast, etc. (Experimental)
- Cropping Tool
- Download Sizes
- Preview all sizes/dimensions or...
- Download Thumbnail
- Download Small
- Download Medium
- Download Large
- High Resolution Files
- IIIF Image JSON
- IIIF Image URL
- View Extracted Text
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Free Negro, in the Republic of Texas
would rid the country of late Negro immigrants, left the problem
in the hands of the local communities. The largest center of popu-
lation, both Negro and white, at the time was Houston. Here the
white laborer was brought into direct competition with the Negro,
in which he usually lost the contest, for the reason that the Negro's
standard of living was lower and he was willing to do more work
for less wages. Social contacts between the races, moreover, were
closer and more frequent in the cities, and racial prejudices keener
than in the rural districts.50 Francis Moore, Jr., was at this time
mayor of Houston. He had often shown his antagonism to the
free Negro class and as a senator had expressed his fear lest the
extension of privilege to free Negroes would result in "dissatis-
faction, insubordination, and finally insurrection" among the
slaves.51 It is reasonable to suppose that Moore lent his office to
any move which would rid Texas of this great danger.
Searching about for some act under which free Negroes might
be prosecuted, the ordinance of the General Consultation of
January 5, 1836, was resuscitated. This ordinance provided for
the sale into slavery of all free Negroes who immigrated to Texas
subsequent to the passage of the act, and was similar in most
respects to the bill which Congress had failed to pass during its
On April 9, 1839, between eight and twenty Negroes were
brought before the Recorder's Court by constable McGee as vio-
laters of this Ordinance." Beyond a doubt, it had been super-
seded by the Constitution, which placed no restriction on immi-
gration, and the joint resolution of June 5, 1837, which granted
residence privileges to all Negroes living in Texas on March 2,
1836. Further evidence that the ordinance was a dead letter
lies in the fact that two congresses had considered bills similar
"Almonte, as nearly as 1834, recognized the great aversion to the free
Negro in Texas cities. On this basis he had refused to sanction the immi-
gration of Negroes from New Orleans since the greater part of them were
artisans but at the same time he believed the immigration of free Negro
farmers to be desirable and recommended that the government encourage
it. Juan Nepomuceno Almonte to E. S. Secretario de Estado y del Despacho
de Relaciones de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. April 13, 1834. Dept. of
Fomento, Leg. 8, Exp. 65. University of Texas transcripts.
"1Austin City Gazette, December 25, 1839.
"Gammel, The Laws of Texas, I, 1024.
"The Morning Star, (Houston), April 10, 1839.
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Matching Search ResultsView seven pages within this issue that match your search.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Periodical.
Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 40, July 1936 - April, 1937, periodical, 1937; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101099/m1/205/?q=%22francis%20moore%22: accessed October 1, 2023), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.