The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 40, July 1936 - April, 1937 Page: 64
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
statement of boundaries indicated above), and testimony to the
effect that the tract in question had been used as grazing land
for cattle from 1844 to 1849 (1,600 head in 1847), that houses
had been built and land farmed in 1847, and that a settlement
made in 1852 had been abandoned in 1854 on account of Indian
The claims of Cornelio Vigil and Ceran St. Vrain were con-
firmed to the extent of eleven square leagues each, by act of
Congress, on June 21, 1860,13 being held subject to the Mexican
colonization law of 1824.14 However, there was no pressure of
"squatters" at that time, and the matter was left more or less in
abeyance until February 25, 1869, when an amendatory act was
passed.x5 This act provided that the exterior lines of the
previously confirmed claims (that is, eleven square leagues to each
claimant) should "be adjusted according to the lines of the public
surveys;" that the claims of actual settlers, deriving titles from
Vigil and St. Vrain or their legal representatives prior to the
passage of this act, should likewise be adjusted in accordance
with the lines of the public surveys, and that their equivalents
should be deducted from "the adjusted limits of the claims of
said Vigil and St. Vrain;" and that
the claims of all other actual settlers falling within the limits of
the located claims of Vigil and St. Vrain shall be adjusted to the
extent which shall embrace their several settlements upon their
several claims being established either as pre-emption or home-
steads, according to law; and for the aggregate of the areas of
the latter class of claims the said Vigil and St. Vrain, or their
legal representatives, shall be entitled to locate a like quantity of
public lands, not mineral, according to the lines of the public
surveys, and not to exceed one hundred and sixty acres in one
It should be noted here that homesteaders and pre-emptors were
not to be forced to abandon their claims even if they were located
"ZUnited States Statutes at Large, XII, 71.
-"Ibid., XVI, 646; also see Decisions of the Department of the Interior
Relative to Publio Land Claims, IV, 311-313. This Mexican law of 1824
limited grants to individuals for colonization purposes to eleven square
"United States Statutes at Large, XV, 440.
16United States Statutes at Large, XV, 440.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 40, July 1936 - April, 1937, periodical, 1937; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101099/m1/72/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.