The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938 Page: 110
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
namely, numbers 13 to 16, inclusive (pp. 33-203), relate to the
period of civil war in Peru, which lasted from 1537 until 1548.
The first phase of this war was the struggle of the Pizarros and
the Almagros over the boundaries of the jurisdictions of the
leaders; it resulted in the death of the two Almagros and of
Francisco Pizarro by 1542. A total of twenty-five documents
(numbers 13 to 37; pp. 33-157) relate to this phase of the war-
fare. Its second phase was the rebellion of the encomenderos under
Gonzalo Pizarro against the enforcement of the New Laws of
Emperor Charles V of 1542, which were designed, at the instiga-
tion of Las Casas, to afford greater protection to the Indians. This
second phase of the war lasted until the death of Gonzalo Pizarro
and the reestablishment of royal authority in 1548. A total of
nine documents, or groups of documents (numbers 38 to 46; pp.
157-203) relate to the first two years of this second phase of the
war, namely, from April 4, 1543, to August 3, 1545.
The last two documents, dated 1575 and 1578, respectively (pp.
204-213), relate to the private business affairs of Hernando Pizarro,
then an old man who had spent twenty years in a Spanish prison
for the execution in 1538 of Almagro, Sr. Finally, "Notes to
English Text" (pp. 215-239) and a comprehensive index conclude
The published and translated documents which fall within the
period of the civil war in Peru from 1537 until 1544 contain
disappointingly meager information on that important subject.
Many of them are legal instruments which recognize financial
obligations for personal transportation, freight charges, wages,
supplies, horses, negroes, debts, and loans. Others are in the
nature of powers of attorney, appointments as masters of ships,
releases to sell property, and grants of encomiendas. Documents
of notable historical significance include the following: Instruc-
tions issued by Francisco Pizarro to Alonso de Alvarado in 1538
for founding a town in the province of Chachapoyas (pp. 104-
113); clauses from the will of Almagro, Sr., 1538 (pp. 112-115);
appeal to the Crown, through power of attorney and with the
consent of his guardian, of Almagro, Jr., in 1539 (pp. 130-133) ;
decree appointing regidores for the new town in Chachapoyas, in
1539 (pp. 134-137); a commission to Alonso de Alvarado by
Almagro, Jr., and related documents, in 1541 (pp. 136-153);
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938, periodical, 1938; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/m1/118/: accessed June 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.