The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938 Page: 153
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Andrew Jackson and the Erving Affidavit
I believed from the disclosures made to me of the transactions
of 1819, that Mr. Adams surrendered the interests of the United
States when he took the Sabine river as the boundary between us
and Spain, when he might have gone to the Colorado, if not to
the Rio del Norte. Such was the natural inference from the facts
stated by Mr. Erving; and there is nothing in' the account now
given of the negotiation to alter this impression.s
How well the little weasel words "if not" saved appearances!
The history of Jackson's "Rio Grande treaty" claim comes to an
end at this point, leaving Adams in doubt as to whether he had
killed or only scotched the hydra-headed
conspiracy of Andrew Jackson, Aaron Vail Brown, George W.
Erving, and Charles J. Ingersoll, with their coadjutors and tools,
to ruin my good name and fabricate a fable to justify the robbery
of Texas from Mexico, by the pretense that Texas had been by me
treacherously surrendered to Spain.16
The real victory lay with Jackson, for the annexation of Texas
was within a few months finally consummated, before the Old Hero
died in July, 1845. Aware of his notable part in the accomplish-
ment of this measure-for his many Texas letters published at
frequent intervals during 1844-1845 had exercised a powerful and
pervasive influence on the public mind-Jackson could with some
truth write on the eve of annexation, after his prot6g6 Polk's
The dismemberment of our territory in 1819, by the failure to
execute the guaranty in the treaty of 1803, has but recently at-
tracted public attention. But it has been silently operating, and
is now exerting a great and momentous influence on our system
R. R. STENBERG.
s1Jackson to Robert Armstrong, October 22, 1844, in Niles' Register,
o6Adams, Memoirs, XII, 84 (October 7, 1844); of. ibid., 78.
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938, periodical, 1938; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/m1/169/: accessed April 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.