The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938 Page: 195

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THE
SOUTHWESTERN HISTORICAL
QUARTERLY
VOL. XLI JANUARY, 1938 No. 3
The publication committee and the editors disclaim responsibility for views expressed
by contributors to THE QUARTERLY
ALMONTE'S INSPECTION OF TEXAS IN 1834
The inspection of Texas, made by Colonel Juan N. Almonte in
1834, had its origin in a decree issued by Vice-President Busta-
mante, of Mexico, on April 6, 1830. Article 3 of this decree stated:
The government shall name one or more commissioners to visit
the colonies of the frontier States, . . . to make arrangements
which they consider advisable for the security of the Republic,
with the colonies already established; to watch over the exact
compliance of contracts on the entrance of new colonists; and to
investigate how far the contracts already made have been com-
plied with.'
It would have been too much to hope that two peoples as funda-
mentally different in racial and political background as the Anglo-
American and the Mexican could long live together in harmony
despite the conscientious efforts of such a leader as Stephen F.
Austin to further mutual cooperation and good feeling. In addi-
tion to the dislike and distrust of each people for the other,
specific causes of misunderstanding were not lacking, such as the
Fredonian rebellion, which looked like treason to Mexico; the
Texans' evasion, by the introduction of "contract labor," of the
Coahuila constitutional provision forbidding further importation
of slaves; and President Guerrero's proclamation of 1829 which
freed all slaves on Mexican soil and made Texans, although soon
declared exempt, feel that the federal government was not inter-
ested in their welfare. The same decre of April 6, 1830, which
IManuel DublAn and Josh Maria Lozano, Legislaoi6n Memicana, Edici6n
Oficial, II, 238.

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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938, periodical, 1938; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/m1/217/ocr/: accessed September 29, 2016), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.