The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938 Page: 196
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Southwestern Historical Quarterly
manifested Mexican suspicion of Anglo-American Texas by au-
thorizing an inspection of the province, contained other terms which
further tended to estrange those settlers. This law, although gen-
eral in form, could only have been drafted with Texas in mind,
for the clauses which those settlers found most objectionable were:
(1) the restrictions regarding the importation of slaves as listed
in the Imperial Colonization Law of January 4, 1823, were re-
peated; (2) emigrants were not to be allowed to settle in any
province adjoining their native land; and (3) provision was made
for the establishment of military posts in Texas, so situated as
to guard most of the normal entrances.2 The Texans resentfully
insisted that this law arrested the development of the territory
and prevented the reunion of families, and their resentment was
increased by the fact that the concession made to Austin in 1823
allowing the free importation of agricultural and household neces-
sities for a seven-year period would expire in September, 1830.
The next three years saw the gulf of misunderstanding between
Mexico and her liberty-loving Anglo-American citizens rapidly
widen. The Velasco incident occurred in June, 1832; Colonel
Mexia hastened to Texas with 400 troops the following month;
and the second San Felipe convention, meeting in April, 1833,
framed a constitution for the "State of Texas" and adopted peti-
tions asking for congressional approval of the constitution and
for a reform of the judicial system of Texas. Austin, who had
been selected to present the petitions, had been discouraged by
the delays which he had encountered in Mexico and, in tem-
porary despondency, had written to the ayuntamiento of San
Antonio to urge it to take the lead in establishing a state gov-
ernment separate from that of Coahuila. This was the letter
which had led the government of Santa Anna, the Federalist
President, to arrest Austin at Saltillo on January 4, 1834, as
he was returning to Texas. This demand of Texas for statehood;
the radical attitude shown by the usually conservative and trust-
worthy Austin; the dissatisfaction manifested by Texas with the
Law of April 6; the insistence of that province that the tariff
exemptions conceded by the law under which Austin's colony had
been settled should be extended for a longer period; and the
rapidity with which the Anglo-American population of the province
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Texas State Historical Association. The Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Volume 41, July 1937 - April, 1938, periodical, 1938; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth101103/m1/218/: accessed June 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas State Historical Association.